Curbing global warming, improving the health of oceans and marine ecosystems, and protecting endangered wildlife are just a few of the issues affecting the field of ecology, as of 2015. Many issues pose a threat to natural environments and ecosystems. Issues being confronted by ecologists may include safeguarding natural ecosystems and protecting species diversity and populations.
Ecology is the scientific study of how living organisms interact with one another and their environment. Issues such as climate change and pollution have the potential to cause massive harm to the natural world. Ecosystems are frequently confronted with natural environmental disturbances and variances over time. While some ecosystems are resilient enough to survive such disturbances, others are more fragile and may suffer species extension and a loss of biological diversity.
One of the most important issues in the field of ecology is finding sustainable solutions to man-made problems such as deforestation and pollution. In the 1980s, the field of restoration ecology emerged as a separate sub-discipline. Scientists who work in this field study practices intended to produce ecological restoration. Major issues within the field include finding and implementing methods to restore or repair ecosystems and natural habitats that have been degraded, damaged or destroyed.