New Zealander George Vernon Hudson was the first to suggest the concept that has become known as Daylight Savings Time. In 1895, he presented a paper to the Wellington Philosophical Society proposing a two-hour shift forward in October and a two-hour shift back in March.
Independently of Hudson, British builder William Willett proposed DST in 1905. Willett suggested setting clocks ahead by 20 minutes on each of the four Sundays in April and back by 20 minutes on each of the four Sundays in September. Robert Pearce presented a bill to the British parliament in 1908 recommending Willett's plan, which was met with resistance and never turned into law. Germany was the first country to implement DST, first turning clocks forward at 11 p.m. on April 30, 1916.