The bionic eye was invented by Dr. Mark Humayun, who, as of February 2015, is a professor at the Keck School of Medicine in Southern California. Dr. Humayun's bionic eye is called the Argus ocular implant and allows blind patients to regain their sight.
The Argus ocular implant is described as a "sheet of electrodes" that are implanted directly into the eye. The implant is part of a set that includes a pair of glasses with a camera and a video processor. The implant uses a system, called the Argus II, that bypasses damaged portions of the retina to transmit visual signals into the brain.