James Chadwick was born on Oct. 18, 1891 and was an English physicist that received the Nobel Prize for his discovery of the neutron. He was knighted in 1945 for his achievements in physics.
James Chadwick played a crucial role in the development of the atomic bomb during World War II. During this period of time, Chadwick took part in the "Tube Alloys" project, which was a clandestine research and development program run by the United Kingdom to develop nuclear weapons. His project was later merged with the American Manhattan Project, and he was moved to the United States to work in and cooperate with the Los Alamos and Washington D.C. laboratories.
In 1945, Chadwick viewed the Trinity nuclear test. Two years later he accepted the position of Master of Gonville at Caius College, where he actively strove to improve the academic reputation of the colleges by hiring several controversial scientists, such as Tien-chin Tsao from China. This led to what was later called the "Peasant's Revolt" wherein several of his friends were voted off of the council he administrated. In 1958, Chadwick announced his retirement. He had twin daughters, and two of his favorite hobbies included fishing and gardening.