Q:

# How does an increase in temperature affect the range of energies of particles in matter?

A:

The transfer of heat from an object's surroundings increases the energy of the particles that make up the object. Raising the kinetic energy of a particle increases its movement.

## Keep Learning

Heat isn't a component of an object but the energy an object may receive. Raising the temperature of an object's environment provides the object with a source of energy. That energy is absorbed by the particles that comprise the object. The increased energy of the particles makes them move faster. The overall absorption of heat and greater kinetic energy also increase the temperature of the object.

This energy transfer from the environment to the object serves to cool the environment. The object that receives the energy is in turn able to expel the energy back into the environment.

The energy absorption and subsequent change in the temperature of an object may also change the object's form. An object exists as a solid, liquid or gas. Increasing the temperature and the kinetic energy of the particles can cause the object to move from a solid format to a liquid or gaseous one, depending on its composition. The more energy the particles have, the faster they move, and gaseous particles move quickly and erratically as opposed to the solid form. The temperature required to change an object from one form to another varies, but the basic principle that their kinetic energy increases as the temperature increases is common to all substances.

Sources:

## Related Questions

• A: Heat measures the movement of molecules in an object, while temperature measures the average energy or heat generated by the molecules in an object. The fa... Full Answer >
Filed Under:
• A: Thermal energy is the movement of particles within matter and is found in the sun, magma, heated water and even the human body. Heat represents the transfe... Full Answer >
Filed Under:
• A: Thermal energy is made by the movement of particles within an object or system. The thermal energy of an object, and thus the temperature of an object, inc... Full Answer >
Filed Under:
• A: Solving a heat flux equation requires a knowledge of two variables: the heat transfer rate and the area of the object in question. The heat flux equation i... Full Answer >
Filed Under:
PEOPLE SEARCH FOR