Using hypothetico-deductive reasoning is following a scientific process of forming various hypotheses about a topic, choosing one of these hypotheses to test, making predictions based on the chosen hypothesis, testing the correctness of the hypothesis through experimentation and observation, and then concluding whether the hypothesis is confirmed. The beginning of the process involves looking for a new problem that hasn't yet been explained by others.Continue Reading
Hypothetico-deductive reasoning can be used to solve problems ion such fields as chemistry and biology. When making predictions, the experimenter deduces what could result from observation or experimentation.
In addition to being used in science, this type of reasoning can be helpful for everyday life problems. For example, a person having problems with a music player not turning on may hypothesize that a battery replacement is needed and that the player will turn on after the battery has been replaced. After the person replaced the battery and the player switches on, the experimenter can conclude that his or her hypothesis was correct.Learn more about Chemistry
Because ancient Greek thinkers such as Democritus lacked sophisticated technology and tools such as the microscope, his theory of the atom was due more to thought experimentation than to hard empirical observation, as used in modern science. In essence, he conceptualized it.Full Answer >
A physicist asks fundamental questions about the interaction between matter and energy and then begins observation and experimentation to answer these questions. Many of the technological advances that humans have today are the results of a physicist's work.Full Answer >
Scientific knowledge is based upon observation, and it is supplemented by experimentation. Scientific research follows the scientific method, a four-step process that guides scientists in the accumulation of knowledge.Full Answer >
Deductive reasoning starts from a general theory and then works towards a specific hypothesis that can be tested. The testing of the hypothesis then either confirms or rejects the original theory. Inductive reasoning starts from a specific observation and works towards a general theory.Full Answer >