The National Osteoporosis Foundation explains that people with osteoporosis often break bones in the upper spine, causing a hunchback. Changes in posture are called kyphosis, and some people who suffer from kyphosis suffer from constant pain, because the muscles, ligaments and tendons of the back become stretched and strained and the spine becomes more curved, according to The National Osteoporosis Foundation.Continue Reading
Also known as hunchback or round back, kyphosis is a condition wherein the spine in the upper back has too much curvature, Healthline explains. The spine’s thoracic region (i.e. upper back) normally has a slight natural curve, and the natural curve of the spine helps absorb shock and support the head’s weight, according to Healthline. Healthline explains that kyphosis occurs when the spine’s natural arch is bigger than normal, and people with kyphosis have a visible hump on their upper back, which often appears round or protruding from the side. Additionally, those with hunchback look like they are slouching. Due to the extra pressure kyphosis brings on the spine, it often causes pain in the back. Moreover, it causes breathing difficulties because of the pressure it puts on the lungs, according to Healthline.
Jason C. Eck explains on MedicineNet that the typical symptoms of an abnormal kyphosis include poor posture with a hunchback, stiffness, muscle fatigue and back pain. Most of the time, these symptoms are constant and do not worsen over time. However, in severe cases, the kyphosis becomes progressively worse and causes a more exaggerated hunchback, according to MedicineNet.Learn more about Bones
Injections of certain osteoporosis drugs, such as Boniva, Forteo and Prolia, can be administered every six months as an alternative to oral medications; these injections reduce the risk of fractures, according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation. Bisphosphonates like Boniva, for example, slow the rate of bone loss due to osteoporosis.Full Answer >
To improve bone health due to osteoporosis, avoid caffeine, coffee, tea, alcohol and soda, as the National Osteoporosis Foundation recommends. Watch your salt and protein intake, and limit foods high in oxalic acid (such as spinach) and phytates (including legumes and wheat bran).Full Answer >
Ibandronate sodium, sold under the brand name Boniva; calcitonin-salmon, sold under the brand names Fortical and Miacalcin; denosumab, sold under the name Prolia; and teriparatide parathyroid hormone, sold under the brand name Forteo, are injectable drugs to treat osteoporosis, according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation. The first three are antiresorptive medicines that slow bone loss, while teriparatide is an anabolic drug that increases bone formation.Full Answer >
A well-balanced diet that contains foods rich in calcium, vitamin D and other nutrients may prevent osteoporosis, according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation. Individuals can also prevent osteoporosis with weight-bearing exercises, such as running, and muscle-strengthening exercises, such as weightlifting. The NOF recommends at least 30 minutes of weight-bearing exercises most days of the week and muscle-strengthening exercises at least two days per week.Full Answer >