The National Osteoporosis Foundation explains that people with osteoporosis often break bones in the upper spine, causing a hunchback. Changes in posture are called kyphosis, and some people who suffer from kyphosis suffer from constant pain, because the muscles, ligaments and tendons of the back become stretched and strained and the spine becomes more curved, according to The National Osteoporosis Foundation.Continue Reading
Also known as hunchback or round back, kyphosis is a condition wherein the spine in the upper back has too much curvature, Healthline explains. The spine’s thoracic region (i.e. upper back) normally has a slight natural curve, and the natural curve of the spine helps absorb shock and support the head’s weight, according to Healthline. Healthline explains that kyphosis occurs when the spine’s natural arch is bigger than normal, and people with kyphosis have a visible hump on their upper back, which often appears round or protruding from the side. Additionally, those with hunchback look like they are slouching. Due to the extra pressure kyphosis brings on the spine, it often causes pain in the back. Moreover, it causes breathing difficulties because of the pressure it puts on the lungs, according to Healthline.
Jason C. Eck explains on MedicineNet that the typical symptoms of an abnormal kyphosis include poor posture with a hunchback, stiffness, muscle fatigue and back pain. Most of the time, these symptoms are constant and do not worsen over time. However, in severe cases, the kyphosis becomes progressively worse and causes a more exaggerated hunchback, according to MedicineNet.Learn more about Bones
Ibandronate sodium, sold under the brand name Boniva; calcitonin-salmon, sold under the brand names Fortical and Miacalcin; denosumab, sold under the name Prolia; and teriparatide parathyroid hormone, sold under the brand name Forteo, are injectable drugs to treat osteoporosis, according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation. The first three are antiresorptive medicines that slow bone loss, while teriparatide is an anabolic drug that increases bone formation.Full Answer >
The bone density test diagnoses osteopenia and osteoporosis, according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation. It is also used to determine whether bone density is improving, getting worse or remaining static. If a person is being treated for bone density issues, the test indicates how well treatment is working.Full Answer >
Patients with osteoporosis benefit from hip exercises that strengthen the muscles in the back and hips, such as prone leg lifts and hip abductor movements, according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation. These exercises improve balance and stretch out hip abductors.Full Answer >
A well-balanced diet that contains foods rich in calcium, vitamin D and other nutrients may prevent osteoporosis, according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation. Individuals can also prevent osteoporosis with weight-bearing exercises, such as running, and muscle-strengthening exercises, such as weightlifting. The NOF recommends at least 30 minutes of weight-bearing exercises most days of the week and muscle-strengthening exercises at least two days per week.Full Answer >