The seven bones of the cervical spine that make up the human neck are known as C1 through C7 from top to bottom, according to Healthline. The vertebra closest to the skull, or C1, is known as the atlas, and the vertebra directly below the atlas is called the axis.Continue Reading
The seven cervical vertebrae are the smallest backbones in the human body, and the vertebra closest to the skull is the smallest of the seven neck bones. Each cervical vertebra has a cervical disc between it, and these bones support the head. Muscles attached to these vertebrae rotate, flex and extend the neck, notes Spine-health.com. The atlas and axis are specialized vertebrae that help rotate the head side-to-side, whereas the other five cervical vertebrae more closely resemble larger vertebrae further down the spine.
The seven cervical vertebrae protect the spinal cord as it protrudes from the brain. The Longus colli muscle lies between the vertebrae and the rest of the neck. This muscle extends into the upper back and helps move the neck and keep the neck stable. The Longus colli is the muscle injured most often in a car accident involving whiplash, notes Healthline. Three other muscles connect to the neck vertebrae to help move the neck, head and back.Learn more about Bones
Some websites that provide images on the anatomy of the spine include Mayfield Clinic, Inner Body and Healthline. The vertebral column extends down the middle of the back region from the skull's base to the coccygeal region, notes Inner Body.Full Answer >
To measure your torso, ask a second person to hold a flexible tape measure, have him place the tape measure along your spine, and determine the number of inches between the C7 vertebrae and iliac crest. This task takes less than five minutes to complete.Full Answer >
The spine protects the spinal cord and provides a structural framework for the body. It also provides balance and stability for the body and supports the weight and extra loads placed on the body through daily activities. The spine allows for mobility and flexibility, and it provides bony attachment points for the ribs, pelvic bones and various muscles, according to YourSpine.com.Full Answer >
The National Osteoporosis Foundation explains that people with osteoporosis often break bones in the upper spine, causing a hunchback. Changes in posture are called kyphosis, and some people who suffer from kyphosis suffer from constant pain, because the muscles, ligaments and tendons of the back become stretched and strained and the spine becomes more curved, according to The National Osteoporosis Foundation.Full Answer >