The human gallbladder rests just under the liver in the upper-right section of the abdomen, says Healthline. Bile ducts connect the gallbladder to the liver and to the small intestine to move bile through the body.
The gallbladder is a hollow and pear-shaped organ that stores bile. Its location under the liver allows the bile to move easily from the liver into the gallbladder where it is stored, reports WebMD. The body sends signals to the gallbladder to release bile into the small intestines to digest fats.
Pain felt in the upper-right part of the abdomen sometimes indicates gallstones, states Mayo Clinic. Other locations of pain associated with gallstones include just below the breastbone, between the shoulder blades and the right shoulder.