Boston Children's Hospital, Arkansas Heart Hospital and Johns Hopkins Medicine are hospitals that conduct stem cell research and use stem cell therapies to treat patients. Most of these hospitals use adult stem cells when treating patients. The most successful type of adult stem cell therapy is the one used to conduct bone marrow transplants.
Researchers at Boston Children's Hospital have been the first to reach a number of breakthroughs in stem cell research. These include isolating lung stem cells in both normal lungs and cancerous lungs, identifying a stem cell in the heart that forms a minimum of two main cell types, using the drug PGE2 to increase the number of blood stem cells the body produces, and bringing a drug developed through stem cell research into clinical trials with the intention of administering it to patients fighting leukemia and lymphoma.
The Arkansas Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine at Arkansas Heart Hospital uses adult stem cell therapy to treat patients suffering from cardiovascular diseases. These include patients who suffered heart attacks recently. The institute also uses stem cell therapy in orthopedic medicine and to treat those suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Johns Hopkins Medicine has been a pioneer in stem cell research for decades. Much of the research that founded the stem cell therapy used to conduct bone marrow transplants was conducted by Johns Hopkins researcher George Santos. This makes Johns Hopkins one of the oldest stem cell research institutes in the United States, as this therapy was developed more than 40 years ago.