Hormonal imbalances refer to either a deficit or an excess in levels of certain hormones in the body, states ZRT Laboratory. Types of hormonal imbalances include progesterone deficiency, estrogen dominance, testosterone deficiency and excessive estrogen, explains John R. Lee, M.D.
The condition affects both genders, explains Dr. Lee. A paucity of progesterone, a hormone that plays a critical role in pregnancy and the menstrual cycle, is the most common type of hormonal imbalance affecting women. Other forms of female hormonal imbalances include an excess of hormones known as androgens and inadequate levels of cortisol, a hormone produced by the adrenal glands that helps regulate blood sugar.
Some types of this condition are more likely to afflict people over a certain age, states Dr. Lee. For instance, estrogen dominance, a malfunction in which levels of progesterone are too low to temper the effects of estrogen, typically affects women who are 40 to 50 years old. Similarly, testosterone deficiency typically afflicts men exceeding 50 years of age.
There are various ways of remedying this condition, explains Dr. Lee. Women suffering from progesterone deficiency may need to use progesterone creams, alter their diets, or cease using certain types of birth control products, while those suffering from estrogen deficiency may require medication or herbs. Suggested solutions for male testosterone deficiency include muscle building exercises, nutritional supplements and certain medications.