Eating a balanced, healthy diet, increasing hydration, and avoiding alcohol reduce uric acid levels in the blood, according to the Mayo Clinic. Limiting protein intake from organ meats, anchovies or sardines can also reduce uric acid levels, notes Weil Lifestyle.
Uric acid is the product of the body's breakdown of naturally occurring chemical called purine. High levels of uric acid trigger painful attacks of gout, according to the Mayo Clinic.
Purine is found in many healthy foods, but some of those, especially organ meats, seafoods such as anchovies, sardines and herring, and vegetables such as asparagus, spinach, and peas should be eaten in moderation, says the Mayo Clinic. A healthy, balanced diet along with increased exercise lead to weight loss, which also reduces the risk of gout attacks.
Both the Mayo Clinic and Weil Lifestyle recommend avoiding alcohol due to its combined effects of increased uric acid production and dehydration, which raises the concentration of uric acid in the blood.
Supplements including vitamin C are appropriate, adds the Mayo Clinic, while Weil Lifestyle recommends bromelain, a compound made of digestive enzymes and other ingredients found in pineapples. Both sites encourage the consumption of cherries or tart cherry juice.
There is conflicting advice about consumption of caffeinated drinks. Some research points toward moderate caffeinated coffee consumption, as the Mayo Clinic notes. Weil Lifestyle recommends avoiding all caffeine.