The forces that hold atoms together are the electrical force and the strong force, which is stronger than the electrical force. The electrical force does the majority of the work of holding atoms together, but the strong force helps hold in the electrical force and can somewhat override it.Continue Reading
The electrical charge that is exhibited from protons and electrons attracting to each other causes the force of the atoms to become stronger. The charge sets up the framework for the electrical force that is used to hold everything together, but it is not strong enough to keep the atoms close enough together. While the force helps electrons and protons attract to each other, it does nothing for the neutrons, which are neutral. It also works against itself because two protons and two electrons repel each other, even though they are pulling closer together through the electrical charge.
The strong force is able to remedy the problem of the electrical charge not being strong enough to hold everything together. It is stronger than the electrical force and helps to hold all of the protons and neutrons in, which are immune to the electrical force. It is a very strong force, but it only works in small ranges, making it ideal for holding atoms together. It is also able to override the repulsion that is sometimes caused by too many positive charges in an electrical force.Learn more about Atoms & Molecules
The intermolecular forces between molecules of isopropyl alcohol are in the form of hydrogen bonds, where a partially positive hydrogen atom of one molecule experiences a strong attractive force to a partially negative oxygen atom of another molecule. Isopropyl alcohol, otherwise known as 2-propanol, has the chemical formula CH3)2CHOH.Full Answer >
The basis of a metallic bond is the attractive force generated between mobile electrons and fixed metallic atoms with positive charges. Metallic bonds extend over molecular structures while joining metallic atoms with free electrons, transporting heat energy through metals that become conductors of electricity.Full Answer >
The atoms involved in ionic bonding are held together by an electrostatic force of attraction between a positive and a negative ion. Ionic bonds are only formed between metals and non-metals.Full Answer >
Moving across periods on the periodic table from left to right, the atoms tend decrease in radius size because each atom has more protons than the atom before it, meaning there is more of an attractive force in the nucleus that pulls the electrons closer to the center. Even though there are both more protons and electrons, the attractive force of the protons wins out and makes the radius of the entire atom smaller.Full Answer >