Rats can jump a horizontal distance of nearly 4 feet and can jump vertically from a flat surface almost 3 feet. They can fall from a height of almost 40 feet without sustaining any serious injuries.
Rats can easily climb up pipes and across wires that are either vertical or horizontal. They can even swim against the current in a sewer line.
The Norway rat is found in North America and on many other continents. Other names associated with this rat type are brown or water rat. These rats can reach a length of up to 18 inches and can weigh between 7 to 18 ounces.
Rats can spread many diseases through fecal droppings, bites and fleas. Among the different diseases associated with rats are bubonic plague, taxoplasmosis and leptospirosis.