What Are the Hazards of HCl?


Quick Answer

Hazards of HCl, or hydrochloric acid, include both acute and chronic effects. Acute effects include corrosion to the eyes, skin and mucous membranes as well as pulmonary and upper respiratory irritation. Chronic effects include gastritis, bronchitis and dermatitis among those frequently exposed to the substance.

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Full Answer

As of 2014, there is no information on the effects of HCl on the reproductive and development system in humans. Adverse reproductive and developmental effects have been seen in rats. There is also no information on the carcinogenic effects of HCl on humans or rats as of 2014. HCl is used in a variety of industrial applications, including in the production of chlorides, in the cleaning of metal products and as a laboratory reagent.

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