What Are Some Hazards of Ethanol?


Quick Answer

Exposure to ethanol may cause nausea, dizziness, eye damage, central nervous system depression, headache, liver damage, heart damage and kidney damage. Ingestion of ethanol may be fatal.

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Full Answer

Ethanol vapor and mist irritates the eyes, upper respiratory tract and mucous membranes. Exposure to ethanol can also cause weakness, exhaustion, narcosis, anemia, coughing and reproductive complications. Ethanol can be absorbed through the skin.

Ethanol-burning cars may increase the levels of toxic ozone gas in the atmosphere, which can result in lung damage when inhaled. The use of ethanol as fuel releases benzene, formaldehyde, butadiene and acetaldehyde, all of which are carcinogens. Ethanol is a clear liquid with a weak, ethereal and vinous odor. It is also referred to as alcohol, cologne spirit, ethyl alcohol and grain alcohol.

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