Air pollution may cause long-term health issues as well as environmental damage. It may also trigger further symptoms in those with chronic conditions such as asthma.
Air pollutants may cause disease such as cancer. Reproductive issues, immune system damage and developmental problems. The toxins may be ingested and passed through the ecosystem through surface plants and water by animals and humans, exposing a greater population of organisms to the pollution.
Plants affected by pollution have reduced crop yields and contain toxins that are transferred through digestion. Animals may be directly affected by air pollution in their environments. These toxins may build up as they are transferred between organisms in the food chain, leading to future magnified health effects.