What Happens When an Ecosystem Is Destroyed?

Destruction of the ecosystem leads to increased flooding due to erosion as a result of lack of trees. It also disrupts the food chain. Other effects of ecosystem destruction include water shortage, loss of biodiversity, food scarcity and pollution.

Destroying the ecosystem causes rising of temperatures that may be too much for living organisms on the planet. It leads to deterioration of biodiversity that includes different types of animals and plants species. When habitats are destroyed, some species become extinct, hurting the food chain. Destruction of the ecosystem contributes to global warming that causes the rising of the sea level as a result of melting glaciers. Clearing of forests exposes the land to soil erosion that renders arable land unfit for production. Without nutrients and water in the soil, plants die. This situation decreases human’s quality of life, putting the survival of future generations at risk.

An ecosystem is a community of living things (animals, plants and microbes) and their interaction with the environment and its constituents such as water, air, soil, atmosphere, heat, light and the sun. Every element in an ecosystem has its own role. The air, water temperature, plants, animals, light and soil all work together. The complex interaction of living organisms and their environment is the basis for energy flow and recycling of important elements such as carbon and nitrogen.