What Happens During the Lytic Cycle?

During the lytic cycle, a type of virus called a bacteriophage infects a bacterial cell and replicates itself multiple times before breaking out. The release of the virus into the cell's external surroundings results in the death of the host.

The lytic cycle involves virulent phages that thrive under favorable conditions. It starts when a phage attacks and attaches itself to a bacterium. The virus then injects its genetic material into the host. Through enzymatic activity, duplicate copies of the viral genetic code are produced.

The transcription process drives the synthesis of viral proteins, which are then assembled into new viruses. One particular protein causes the disintegration of the host's cellular wall through lysis. This enables the newly formed microorganisms to burst out of the cell and infect other cells.