Mixing a base with an acid results in a chemical reaction called neutralization. The result is a perfectly balanced solution of salt and water with a pH of 7 if the acid and base are balanced properly. Depending on the bases and acids used, it can be a dangerous experiment.Continue Reading
Mixing an acid and a base results in neutralization, but the results are potentially dangerous. No matter which acid or base is used, the resulting solution is water and varying types of salt. The process of neutralization often involves the substances heating up when they come together. If the solution heats up too much or too fast, a violent explosion or the creation of harmful or flammable gases is a possibility. This occurs when the chemicals are mixed too quickly, the acid and base are too strong or if there is no available salt to be made in the solution.
A mild example of this is when baking soda (a base) is mixed with vinegar (an acid). The solution bubbles out of control when the substances meet. Since acids and bases are often caustic and harmful to body tissues, the experiment is dangerous for people who are using unfamiliar chemicals.Learn more about Acids & Bases
In chemistry, the term equilibrium refers to a chemical reaction occurring in which there is no net change in the concentration of reactants and products. The quantities of products and reactants achieve a constant ratio.Full Answer >
The reaction which occurs between an acid and a carbonate compound produces a salt, water and the release of carbon dioxide. A word equation that can be used to express this reaction is "metal carbonate + acid —> metal salt + water + carbon dioxide." A similar result occurs if the compound reacting with an acid is a bicarbonate substance.Full Answer >
Muriatic acid is one of the most common simple strong acids, and it has a wide array of uses as a chemical reagent, sanitizer and general cleanser. Also known as hydrochloric acid, it is used in the manufacture of synthetic rubber and the production of tin and uranium. It is also a common ingredient in cleansers that are used to kill bacteria, viruses and fungi in hospitals and food preparation areas. Muriatic acid is a vital compound in the soap making, leather tanning and textile industries.Full Answer >
Cleaning up spilled acid requires disposing of the material in a plastic or glass container with a sealable lid; a chemical neutralizer should be used if the spilled acid is in liquid form. Safe clean-up requires the use of eye and skin protection, such as goggles, acid-resistant gloves, shoe covers and a lab coat. Ensure all sources of ignition are turned off before beginning the clean-up process.Full Answer >