According to Newton's laws of physics, gravity depends on mass and distance. How strong gravity is depends on the attractive force between two objects.Continue Reading
Mathematically, Newton expressed his law of gravity as F=GMm/r^2. In this equation, F is force, G is the gravitational constant 6.67 x 10-8, M and m are the masses of the two bodies and r is the distance between the two objects. According to this, doubling Earth's mass would make its gravitational pull twice as strong. In addition, pulling the object four times the distance away from Earth would make it 12 times weaker.
The object's shape, density and the material it is made from do not influence gravity. In addition to Newton's law of gravity, there are three other laws of motion:
The first rule states that objects that are moving continue at the same speed in a straight line, and objects that are inert stay inert.
The second rule states that when an object changes its movements, those changes are directly proportional to the forces that act on it. Expressed as an equation, this is F=ma, with F being the force, m being the motion and a being the acceleration.
The third rule states that every force that exists has an opposite force. For example, when a person jumps from the ground, he or she is able to do so because the ground is pressing against the force.Learn more about Motion & Mechanics
The force of gravity between two objects can be increased by reducing the distance between them. The force of gravity is influenced by the masses of the two objects and the gap between them. Gravitational force generally increases as objects become more massive and draw closer together.Full Answer >
The force of gravity between two objects will decrease as the distance between them increases. The two most important factors affecting the gravitational force between two objects are their mass and the distance between their centers. As mass increases, so does the force of gravity, but an increase in distance reflects an inverse proportionality, which causes that force to decrease exponentially.Full Answer >
Newton's law of universal gravitation states that the force of gravity is a universal force between all objects proportional to both masses and the square of the distance between them. This law can be expressed with the equation F₁₂ (m¹ * m²) / d².Full Answer >
Gravitational potential energy depends on the mass of the object, acceleration because of gravity and the height of the object from a zero position, which is typically the ground or surface where the object is resting. This is because potential energy is the amount of energy stored in an object due to its position and represents the potential for a force, such as gravity, to do work on the object.Full Answer >