Atomic energy, also referred to as nuclear energy, is used to generate electricity, and has applications in the fields of agriculture, medicine, research and industry, too. Atomic energy contains highly active radioisotopes, which are various forms of atoms comprised of the same chemical elements. These isotopes share many chemical properties, but have different volumes of relative atomic masses, which makes them suitable for different chemical, electrical, engineering and industrial practices.
The food and agriculture industry is one sector where atomic energy sees a high volume of use. Here, it is used to improve and expedite food production, and helps make agriculture sustainable during a long period of time. Atomic energy is used to generate fertilizers, and to increase genetic variability of plants and crops such as sorghum, bananas, beans, wheat and peppers. When added to fertilizers, atomic isotopes serve different but equally valuable roles. The type of isotope added to a fertilizer determines how much is absorbed by certain plants, and how much is lost or excreted into the soil, which allows for the establishment of better fertilizer management. Atomic energy also facilitates insect control, and is used in the field of medicine, too, where it is added to diagnostic equipment and compounds. Atomic energy also sees widespread use in the environmental field, where it is added to tracers to detect and analyze pollutants.