What Are the Goals of Science?

The goal of science as a collective is to produce explanations for the natural world, including how it works, its makeup, and how it came to exist in its current state, according to the University of Berkeley. These goals span a variety of scientific disciplines from astronomy to zoology.

The main goal of classical science is to build knowledge and understanding. This pursuit of knowledge was not particularly concerned with how that knowledge could be applied. As of 2015, scientific research is increasingly more concerned with applications, particularly those which solve a problem or allow for the development of a new technology. These two approaches are known respectively as pure and applied science.

The chief goal of science has also been described as the simplification of relationships between empirical variables, according to Jacksonville State University, which also states that one goal of natural science is the production of certain products, including truth and understanding. These products are in turn used to achieve both pure and applied scientific goals as well as a third type of scientific goal. The third goal is to dispense solutions that can be used by practitioners, such as psychologists and physicians. Dispensed solutions empower professionals who are not technically scientists, but who nonetheless operate scientifically.