The gluteus minimus is located under the gluteus medius. It is at the top of the hip and extends from the area of the pelvic bone.
The gluteus minimus works with the gluteus medius as the main hip joint rotator. This muscle assists with movement away from the body and with the inward rotation of the hip. When a person lifts the opposing leg, the gluteus minimus provides stabilization to the hip area to prevent falling.
Pain in the gluteus minimus mimics sciatica. Hip pain radiating down the thigh or side of the leg without tingling or numbness typically comes from the gluteus minimus. Causes of pain in the hip area vary, including lifestyle alterations such as placing a bolster beneath knees when sleeping and avoiding standing for long periods.