The genetic code is called a universal code because all known organisms use the same four nucleotide bases; organism differ according to the arrangement of the nucleotide bases. The four nucleotide bases are adenosine, thymidine, cytidine and guanosine. Three bases form an amino acid, also known as a codon.Continue Reading
The codons form the basis of the genetic code. Amino acids are necessary to form the DNA, mRNA and tRNA that are required for the creation of new genetic material.
Scientists have learned that an extremely small amount of microbes use a different genetic code. Otherwise, fungi, plants, animals, bacteria and viruses all use the same codons for protein synthesis.Learn more about Molecular Biology & DNA
A codon is a sequence of three nitrogenous bases that code for a single amino acid. Each codon is made up of three of the four bases: adenine, thiamine, guanine and cytosine. These are typically identified by their initials, A, T, G and C. In RNA, uracil replaces thiamine.Full Answer >
Complementary base pairing refers to the structural pairing of nucleotide bases in deoxyribonucleic acid, which is commonly known as DNA. DNA is made up of four nucleotide bases, each of which pairs with only one of the other bases.Full Answer >
The unique genetic code that a baby inherits from both parents contains protein which enables melanin to be produced in his or her hair. The amount of melanin determines whether the child has light or dark hair and the color usually remains within the color range of its parents' hair.Full Answer >
Codons are three-letter codes that make up the genetic code. Both RNA and DNA have triplets known as codons. Each codon codes one of 20 amino acids that the body uses to synthesize amino acids.Full Answer >