The pituitary gland regulates and releases certain hormones in the body. The anterior lobe, intermediate lobe and the posterior lobe make up the three parts of the pituitary gland, with each lobe performing a separate function.
The anterior lobe releases hormones that determine bodily growth and the development of sexual organs. The work of the intermediate lobe revolves around skin development and pigment. Kidney function and the prevention of dehydration in the body occur from hormone production in the posterior lobe. It also prepares a woman’s body for childbirth through milk production. The pituitary gland is part of the endocrine system at the bottom part of the brain.