What Is the Function of Pericycle?

Pericycle is a plant tissue that enables plants to grow roots and facilitates plant development. Pericycle helps plants grow and develop throughout all stages of life. This vital tissue serves as a hotspot for cell activity; in the pericycle, various types of cells are produced to supply plants with the nutrients and supplements they need to exist.

Pericycle is classified as a primary tissue, which means that it plays an essential role in keeping plants alive. This tissue is located proximately to the root systems of plants and trees: on diagrams, it appears as the peripheral (outermost) layer of vascular root cylinders. Although pericycle is located below the ground, out of sight of growing and flowering plants, it plays a key role in enabling plant growth. Pericycle, in this capacity, functions much like the stage crew in a theater performance: while the tissue never makes an appearance, it stays hard at work to make sure all parts of the plant work properly and harmoniously to survive. Pericycle generates cells of various kinds, including those that create lateral root development and enable secondary root growth. The warm, nutrient-rich innermost layer of pericycle serves as a perfect breeding ground for new cells, while its tough outer layer protects roots from damage.