November's name comes from the word "novem," which means "nine" in Latin. It was the ninth month of the year in ancient Rome, but on modern calendars it is the eleventh month. King Numa Pompilius decreed that it would only have 29 days, but the 30th day was restored under the reign of Julius Caesar.
Several U.S. Presidents were born in November, including Warren G. Harding, James K. Polk, Franklin Pierce, James Garfield and Zachary Taylor. North and South Dakota became states on Nov. 2, 1889, which was the birthday of both James Polk and Warren Harding. North Carolina became a state on Nov. 21, 1789.
Two important U.S. holidays are celebrated in November. One is Veterans Day, which commemorates the end of World War I when the guns fell silent on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month. The other important holiday is Thanksgiving.
President Abraham Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address on Nov. 19, 1863, to commemorate the soldiers who had fallen in the battle fought on the Pennsylvania field. The speech lasted two minutes. The speaker who preceded Lincoln, Edward Everett, had spoken for two hours.
The flower for November is the chrysanthemum, while the birthstone is topaz.