What are some freshwater plants?


Quick Answer

Water lilies, bellflower and sedges are all examples of freshwater plants. Rosettes, ferns and mosses as well as stem plants such as hornwort and creeping jenny are also freshwater plants commonly used in aquariums. Freshwater plants play an important ecological role by oxygenating the water and providing fish and other animals with a habitat and food source.

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Full Answer

Most freshwater plants need to be either fully or partially submerged to grow. While there are a number of fully aquatic plants that grow exclusively underwater, most species are also able to grow in soil that contains sufficient quantities of moisture. Several species of terrestrial plants, such as crimson ivy, Brazil sword and striped dragon plant, may survive or even flourish within a fully aquatic habitat for a time, although these plants eventually die.

Freshwater species commonly found in lakes and streams include stargrass, tape grass, and coontails. Trees such as river birch, willows and cottonwoods also grow in these environments, although they prefer locations where the water is shallow. Cattails, duckweed and certain trees like cypress and black spruce grow in wetland environments that remain saturated with water throughout the year. Freshwater plants that grow in ponds typically include several species of grasses and weeds although cattails and lily pads may also grow in such environments.

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