The four types of bones in the human body are long, flat, irregular and short. The bones give the human body its structure and work with the muscles and joints to promote movement.Continue Reading
Long bones have two ends connected by a shaft. This type of bone is found in the hands, legs, arms and feet, according to Judy Learn of North Seattle Community College. The thigh bone, known as the femur, is one of the best-known examples of a long bone. Flat bones are characterized by their distinctive structure. These bones consist of a layer of spongy bone tissue sandwiched between two pieces of compact bone. The ribs, collarbone and bones that form the top of the skull are flat bones.
The heel bone, vertebrae and pelvic bones are classified as irregular bones because of their complex shapes. Unlike other types of bone, irregular bones tend to have ridges or notches. The short bones look similar to cubes because each one has roughly the same length and width. The bones in the ankles and wrists are examples of short bones.Learn more about Bones
The skeletal system contains all the bones and joints in the human body. The skeletal system also provides support and protection for the soft tissue that makes up the rest of the body. Red blood cells form within the bone marrow, which also contains millions of cells, protein fibers and minerals.Full Answer >
Flat bones in the human body include the ribs, sternum (breastbone), scapula (shoulder blade), pelvic girdle and many of the 29 bones that make up the skull. Flat bones act as protection for essential organs or as attachment points for major muscle groups.Full Answer >
The human body contains 24 rib bones. The rib bones lie in a symmetrical pattern with 12 on each side. The bones form the body's rib cage.Full Answer >
There are three bones in each ear, and they're some of the tiniest bones in the human body. These bones are found in the middle ear and are called the ossicles.Full Answer >