Four polysaccharides are starch, glycogen, cellulose and chitin. The function of starch and glycogen are to store energy with cells within a body. Cellulose and chitin are designed to protect cells.
Polysaccharides are comprised of multiple monosaccharides. A typical polysaccharide chain is formed of hundreds of individual monosaccharides. Monosaccharides represent the most basic forms of carbohydrates. They represent the most basic and simplest form of sugar. Monosaccharides are water-soluble, colorless crystalline solids. Glucose or dextrose, fructose or levulose and galactose are prime examples of monosaccharides. For example, high fructose corn syrup is an additive in a wide range of different food products.