Tartaric acid is a naturally occurring acid with the molecular formula C4H6O6. The scientific name of tartaric acid is 2,3-dihydroxybutanedioic acid. It is a white, crystalline solid at room temperature with a melting point of 340 to 345 degrees Fahrenheit.
There are three forms of tartaric acid based on variations in the structural formula. These three forms of tartaric acid are D-tartaric acid, L-tartaric acid and mesotartaric acid. The molar mass of tartaric acid is 150.09 grams per mole.
Tartaric acid is commonly found in grapes, bananas and tamarinds. It has a sour taste, and is also used as an oxidant. It is further used as a raw material in the production of many organic compounds.