The formula for sodium chloride is NaCl. Sodium chloride is commonly known as salt and contains an equal measure of both sodium and chloride. Salt is manufactured by evaporating saltwater from wells or by mining salt rock.
Salt has a wide arrange of applications, including uses in biology, industry and water softening. In areas that experience cold winters, salt is used to melt and prevent the further formation of ice on roads and sidewalks. Road salt can cause corrosion in city infrastructure and can also negatively affect freshwater environments. The three major producers of salt are China, the United States and Germany.