In a boreal forest, producers like mosses, lichens and shrubs provide food for songbirds and snowshoe hares, which are prey for raptors, lynx and wolves. The exact links of the food chain depend on the location of the forest.Continue Reading
Producers are the first step of any food chain. In the boreal forest, producers comprise such shrubs and trees as willow, alder, ash, blueberry and cranberry. There is also an abundance of lichens and mosses, and some boreal forests are home to carnivorous flora like the pitcher plant. Many boreal plants have special adaptations that allow them to live in their habitat, given the acidic soils and absence of soil bacteria in the boreal forest.
Primary consumers of the boreal forest include snowshoe hares, lemmings, voles, songbirds and large herbivores, such as elk and moose. These animals feed on shrubs and mosses, and boreal forest berries are an attractive food source to songbirds, such as waxwings.
Predators include raptors, such as owls, goshawks and gyrfalcons, that prey on snowshoe hares and rodents. Species of northern owls, such as snowy and great grey owls, are often diurnal. Lynx and foxes also prey on rodents and hares. Wolf packs hunt large herbivores, and they sometimes prey on smaller predators.Learn more about Botany
Caribou moss, like other Arctic lichens, can make its own food, has strong and hardy tissues, and can survive for long periods of time without water. Caribou moss belongs to the class of lichens. These hardy species have unique adaptations, like many Arctic-dwelling organisms, to endure tough winters and survive in extreme conditions.Full Answer >
The primary producers of the temperate rain forest are the plants that use chlorophyll to create food for their growth and also for animals, explains World Builders. Green mosses and small plants cover the ground layer of a rain forest.Full Answer >
Photosynthesis is necessary because it forms the basis of the food chain. Photosynthesis, which occurs in green plants and algae, is the process by which sunlight combines with carbon dioxide, water and a chemical called chlorophyll to produce simple sugars. These sugars provide the plants with an energy source, and, when they are eaten by a predator, these sugars provide energy for the animal.Full Answer >
As with any complex food chain, the food chain of the African savanna (grassland) is composed of a hierarchy of carnivores that eat herbivores, which eat basic producers. At the bottom of the food chain lie the scavengers and decomposers, which break down any remaining matter.Full Answer >