How Do Flowers and Plants Reproduce?

Plants and flowers reproduce in two distinct ways, either through the process of pollination, in which the genetic material of two plants are combined to create an offspring, or through asexual reproduction, in which one plant makes an exact genetic copy of itself. Flowering plants reproduce almost exclusively through pollination, while other types of plants may reproduce by either method depending on the plant's reproductive system.

According to Biology Reference, flowering plants have a number of different methods for sharing their genetic material. Some release pollen into the air and allow the wind or water to carry it to other plants, while some rely on bees and other nectar-drinking animals to transmit pollen. All flowers have both male and female reproductive organs. Pollen is produced by the flower in the anthers and incubated into new flowers in the ovule.

Plants that reproduce asexually have two different methods at their disposal. Some plants create buds that later develop into new plants that have the same genetic code as the parent plant. This method is common amongst edible plants such as vegetables. Other plants reproduce through apomixis, a process by which seeds are generated without the introduction of another plant's genetic material. Many types of grass reproduce this way.