Q:

Who is the father of chemistry?

A:

Quick Answer

While "father of chemistry" is, of course, subjective, one individual with a claim to the title is Dimitri Mendeleev. Born in Siberia in 1834, Mendeleev devised a predictive model for chemistry known as the periodic table. This model was validated when it successfully predicted the properties of then-unknown elements.

Continue Reading
Who is the father of chemistry?
Credit: emre ogan E+ Getty Images

Full Answer

At the time of Mendeleev's work on the periodic table, only 56 elements were known to chemists. By observing that many of an element's properties could be predicted by their atomic weight, Mendeleev was able to organize the known elements by weight and valence. This arrangement left several gaps that Mendeleev predicted would be filled by yet-undiscovered elements. When this proved to be true, the periodic table became central to the scientific theory of chemistry.

Learn more about Chemistry

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the Grignard reaction?

    A:

    The Grignard reaction is a reaction an organic chemistry that adds an organomagnesium halide compound to a ketone or an aldehyde. The reaction forms a tertiary alcohol from a ketone or a secondary alcohol from an aldehyde. If formaldehyde is the starting reactant, then a primary alcohol is formed.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are some everyday uses of nuclear chemistry?

    A:

    According to Duke University, nuclear chemistry is at play in a variety of aspects of daily life, including the warmth and light of the sun. The sun itself would not exist without nuclear chemistry.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Who is the founder of modern chemistry?

    A:

    By general consensus, the founder of modern chemistry is Antoine Lavoisier, who wrote the book Elements of Chemistry in 1787. In it, he established the conservation of mass after chemical interactions, and compiled the known elements at that time. Before Lavoisier, much of chemistry was closer to alchemy.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the importance of colloid chemistry in industry?

    A:

    Colloid chemistry is vitally important to many industrial processes such as the manufacture of paint, paper, ceramics, adhesives, pharmaceuticals, foods and composites, according to Columbia University. Colloids are heterogeneous mixtures in which particles do not degrade the substance by remaining in the solution.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore