Maglev trains can reach speeds of up to 361 mph. This was the fastest speed reached by the MLX01, which was measured on December 2, 2003. Executed on the Yamanashi maglev test line in Japan, the test run was administered by the Central Japan Railway Company and the Railway Technical Research Institute.
Magnetically levitated, or maglev, vehicles use magnetism to run on rails without making contact with them. Rails are electromagnetic and are composed of superconductive metals instead of conventional metal. Maglev trains use these electromagnetic rails as guides. Because there is no contact between the maglev vehicle and the rail during movement, there is no friction or deterioration of either the train or the rails, resulting in higher operating speeds with greater reliability.