Sodium belongs to the alkali metal family on the periodic table. Alkali metals have a single valence electron, making them very reactive elements. Sodium is an electron donor and readily forms compounds with nonmetals, which are generally electron acceptors.Continue Reading
Sodium, like the elements in the alkali metal family, is not found in its elemental state in nature. The alkali metals donate their one electron in the outermost energy level to other elements such as nonmetals, especially the halogen family of elements.
Once sodium donates its electron to another atom, it becomes a positive ion. The other element becomes a negative ion. Positive and negative substances attract; therefore, sodium and the negatively charged atom come together to form an ionic compound. Table salt, which has the chemical name sodium chloride, is a common compound consisting of one atom of sodium bonded to one atom of chlorine.Learn more about Atoms & Molecules
The most reactive metals found on the periodic table are the alkali metals, which are lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, caesium and francium. The alkali metals are found on the periodic table's s-block, because the outermost electron in these elements is in an s-orbital.Full Answer >
The chemical composition of table salt is one atom of sodium (Na) to one atom of chlorine (Cl), known as sodium chloride (NaCl). Table salt also often has iodine added in for health reasons, but this does not change the chemical structure of the salt molecules.Full Answer >
Table salt is an ionic compound composed of the elements sodium and chlorine, in equal proportions. The chemical symbol for this compound is NaCl, and it is an essential nutrient for human beings and many other animals.Full Answer >
Lithium is an alkali metal that is malleable. Malleability refers to a physical property of metals that relates to a metal’s ability to deform under compression without breaking. Lithium is silver in color, ductile and very reactive.Full Answer >