Q:
# What Factors Encourage the Equilibrium of the Hardy-Weinberg Equation? [DIFFICULT]?

**Some factors that encourage the equilibrium of the Hardy-Weinberg equation are a large population size, lack of migration, truly random mating and a lack of selective forces that encourage or hinder specific phenotypes.** The Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium is an expression of the ideal distribution of phenotypes within a population given the assumption that the gene frequencies are already known.

The Hardy-Weinberg equation is only valid if there are no mutations, the population is infinitely large, the population undergoes random mating, there is no population migration and there is no genetic drift. If any of these conditions are not true for a specified population, the equation is not true. If these conditions are met, however, it is possible to calculate the genotype frequencies because they are in a constant proportion to each other. This is due to the predictable statistical likelihood of individual genes being passed down to the next generation.

The Hardy-Weinberg equation is used as a null hypothesis to test whether a population is in equilibrium or not. In order to do this, the actual gene frequencies within the population are determined. Then the expected gene frequencies are calculated and compared to the actual gene frequencies. If the actual gene frequencies are different from the expected gene frequencies, the population is not in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium.

Learn more about Biology-
Q:
## What Is the Hardy-Weinberg Principle?

A: The Hardy-Weinberg principle states that the genetic variation in a population stays constant over generations in the absence of disruptive factors. The co... Full Answer >Filed Under: -
Q:
## How Do You Solve Hardy-Weinberg Problems?

A: The key to solving Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium problems is understanding the following equations: p + q = 1 (p + q)^2 = 1 p^2 + 2pq + q^2 = 1 Full Answer >Filed Under: -
Q:
## What Is the Hardy Weinberg Law?

A: The Hardy Weinberg Law states that if evolution isn't occurring, an equilibrium of allele and genotype frequencies is passed on through generations among s... Full Answer >Filed Under: -
Q:
## What Are Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium Problems?

A: Hardy-Weinberg problems look at the dominant and recessive traits of a population and determine the percentage of homozygous dominant, homozygous recessive... Full Answer >Filed Under: