Zoology

A:

According to a 2013 Discovery News article, researchers at Italy's Museo Geologico Giovanni Capellini analyzed a bird fossil that existed in China 160 million years ago. The dinosaur, named Aurornis xui, is thought to have been a small feathered animal with teeth, claws and a long tail.

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  • What makes an insect an insect?

    Q: What makes an insect an insect?

    A: What makes an insect an insect are six legs, jointed bodies and an exoskeleton. Insects are cold blooded, and lay eggs. They have no lungs but breathe through spiracles found in their sides.
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  • Which animals have no skeletons?

    Q: Which animals have no skeletons?

    A: More than 98 percent of all animal species have no bony vertebrae or skeletons and are collectively classified as invertebrates. Jellyfish, octopuses, worms, snails, crabs and lobsters, insects, squid and sea stars are some common examples. The invertebrate designation has no bearing on the biological traits or characteristics of the species. More than 30 animal groups are included in the invertebrate classification.
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  • What is a baby kangaroo called?

    Q: What is a baby kangaroo called?

    A: A baby kangaroo is called a joey. The adult male kangaroos are called bucks, boomers or jacks. Adult females are known as does, flyers or jills.
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  • Is a dragonfly a carnivore?

    Q: Is a dragonfly a carnivore?

    A: Dragonflies are carnivores that feed mainly on mosquitoes, flies and bees. Dragonflies live close to water and are prevalent in wetland habitats.
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  • What are the names of animals that are omnivores?

    Q: What are the names of animals that are omnivores?

    A: The names of animals that are omnivores include humans, bears, badgers, hedgehogs, raccoons and squirrels. Omnivorous animals also include chickens, crows, pigs, wolves, dogs, catfish, piranhas, cockroaches, wasps and houseflies.
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  • What is the difference between genus and species?

    Q: What is the difference between genus and species?

    A: Genus and species are part of the biological classification system for living things. A genus encompasses a group of species that are closely related. Species is the most specific level of scientific classification, which typically groups animals that are so similar that, when they breed, they produce fertile offspring.
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  • What animals do not have bones?

    Q: What animals do not have bones?

    A: Animals that do not have bones are called invertebrates. Invertebrates include many different species of animals, such as jellyfish, slugs, snails, corals, mussels, crabs and lobsters and butterflies. Although these animals vary widely in physical characteristics, they share the common feature of not having any bones.
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  • What animal has the largest eyes in the world?

    Q: What animal has the largest eyes in the world?

    A: The largest eyes of any animal belong to the giant squid. The eyes of a giant squid can approach 1 foot in diameter, which is about the size of a human head or a dinner plate.
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  • What animal eats coyotes?

    Q: What animal eats coyotes?

    A: Outside of being hunted by humans for their fur, the coyotes' biggest predator is wolves. In fact, since being reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park in 1995, wolves have reduced the coyote population by 39 percent, according to studies.
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  • How many ribs does a cow have?

    Q: How many ribs does a cow have?

    A: Cows have 13 pairs of ribs for a total of 26. When beef is butchered for consumption, the ribs are found in different cuts of meat. For instance, chuck cuts contain the first five pairs of ribs.
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  • Why do scientists use scientific names for organisms?

    Q: Why do scientists use scientific names for organisms?

    A: Scientific names are used to help classify and record the vast array of living and extinct organisms. These names allow the scientific community to have a common database of names. Without them, communication about different organisms is cumbersome.
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  • What is the difference between nocturnal and diurnal animals?

    Q: What is the difference between nocturnal and diurnal animals?

    A: Nocturnal animals are active during the night, and diurnal animals are active during the day. In addition, both sorts of animals are adapted to the differing light levels and challenges of the different parts of the day that they are awake.
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  • Do fish need oxygen?

    Q: Do fish need oxygen?

    A: Fish need oxygen, but since they do not have lungs they get their oxygen from the water they live in. The oxygen in the water that fishes use is called dissolved oxygen, since the oxygen is dissolved in water.
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  • How long do painted turtles live?

    Q: How long do painted turtles live?

    A: A painted turtle can live for around 20 years in the wild, or it can live for 30 years or more in captivity. Turtles are very well known for having long lifespans, and painted turtles are no exception.
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  • What do you call a baby fish?

    Q: What do you call a baby fish?

    A: The most common word for a baby fish is "fry," but other words are used as well. For example, depending on the age of the fish, a young salmon can be referred to by four different names before reaching adulthood.
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  • Why is it important to save endangered animals?

    Q: Why is it important to save endangered animals?

    A: Aside from the fact that an array of animal species makes life on earth more interesting, protecting endangered species has important health benefits to humans. In particular, animals fit into the well-established ecological food chain, and extinction causes a disruption to natural order, according to the National Wildlife Federation.
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  • What is a group of fish called?

    Q: What is a group of fish called?

    A: A simple group of fish is called a "shoal." It can contain a number of species. Shoaling makes it easier for fish to find food because more individuals are on the lookout. Large numbers also help fish find mates. In addition, being in a group offers some protection against predators, similar to hiding in a crowd.
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  • What is the definition of "resource partitioning"?

    Q: What is the definition of "resource partitioning"?

    A: Resource partitioning is the process whereby similar species exploit the limited resources in an ecological area without one species driving the others into extinction. Through natural selection, each species adopts a pattern of resource usage that isn't competitive.
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  • What kinds of animals live in trees?

    Q: What kinds of animals live in trees?

    A: Examples of animals that live in trees are the koala, orangutan, squirrels, birds and spider monkeys. Animals that spend most of their time in trees are called arboreal animals.
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  • What is the loudest animal in the world?

    Q: What is the loudest animal in the world?

    A: Scientists believe that the loudest animal in the world is the sperm whale. The sperm whale communicates and locates its prey through clicks that can sometimes reach 230 decibels.
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  • What is a carnivore?

    Q: What is a carnivore?

    A: The word "carnivore" can refer to one of two things: a predatory animal or mammals that are classified as members of the order Carnivora. Most members of Carnivora are flesh-eating, so listing these animals as examples would cover both definitions.
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