Weather Seasons

A:

The Earth experiences seasons because its axis is tilted, and as it rotates, sometimes a region is tilted towards the sun. In the northern hemisphere, when the Earth is closest to the sun, the region will experience winter, and when it is furthest away, it will experience summer.

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  • Why does it hail in the summer?

    Q: Why does it hail in the summer?

    A: Hail occurs in the summer when strong thunderstorm updrafts carry raindrops high into the atmosphere, where temperatures are below freezing, according to the Atmospheric Sciences Department of Texas A&M University. This causes the water to freeze into pellets of ice, forming hailstones. These pellets may rise and fall multiple times in the storm before falling to the ground, resulting in hailstones of varying sizes.
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  • What are the months for each season?

    Q: What are the months for each season?

    A: In the Northern Hemisphere, spring covers March, April and May; summer covers June, July and August; fall covers September, October and November; and winter covers December, January and February. There are no official allocations of the four seasons, though, and in the Southern Hemisphere, the seasons are reversed. When it's summer in the Northern Hemisphere, it is winter in the Southern Hemisphere, and when it is spring in the Northern Hemisphere, it is fall in the Southern Hemisphere. Many countries south of the equator, however, tend to have more tropical climates in which the evolution of the seasons is less evident.
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  • Is sound louder in cold weather?

    Q: Is sound louder in cold weather?

    A: Sound does not actually increase in amplitude, or loudness, in the cold. However, two factors come together and make people perceive sound as much louder in the cold: the cold itself and the snow that often comes with it.
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  • What makes the seasons change?

    Q: What makes the seasons change?

    A: The Earth experiences seasons because its axis is tilted, and as it rotates, sometimes a region is tilted towards the sun. In the northern hemisphere, when the Earth is closest to the sun, the region will experience winter, and when it is furthest away, it will experience summer.
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  • How do jet streams affect the weather?

    Q: How do jet streams affect the weather?

    A: Jet streams, which are rapidly moving ribbons of air 6 to 9 miles above the Earth, influence the weather by separating warm and cold air and pushing weather systems around the globe. The movement of a jet stream affects temperatures and precipitation. Meteorologists describe jet streams as resembling rivers in their flow.
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  • When does hurricane season start?

    Q: When does hurricane season start?

    A: Geography dictates the start of hurricane season. Hurricane season in the Atlantic starts June 1. Hurricane season in the North Pacific begins May 15. According to the U.S. National Weather Service, 99 percent of all hurricanes occur within these periods.
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  • When does El Nino occur?

    Q: When does El Nino occur?

    A: El Ninos occur every two to seven years irregularly and tend to last for a single cycle. It is typical for these events to show signs of occurring during autumn, and then they strengthen over the winter and spring, with a drop off during the summer.
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  • Q: What is the climate in Guatemala?

    A: According to The World Factbook on the Central Intelligence Agency website, Guatemala’s climate is hot, humid and tropical. However, some areas experience different temperatures and levels of humidity depending on the elevation. The lowlands region, for example, is mostly humid, while the highland region generally experiences the coolest temperatures in the country.
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  • Q: What is a climate map of Africa?

    A: A climate map of Africa is a map showing climate zones of Africa. The continent has a variety of climate zones ranging from tropical to subarctic on the continent’s highest peaks.
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  • Q: When is hurricane season in the Caribbean?

    A: The Caribbean hurricane season follows the traditional Atlantic season, which officially lasts between the start of June and the end of November. The average hurricane season in the Atlantic region typically generates between five to seven hurricane storms with a concentrated peak around September.
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  • Q: How often does Jamaica have hurricanes?

    A: Researchers at Florida State University found that Jamaica experienced landfalls of the eye of a hurricane 12 times between 1886-1995, an average of once every nine years. Jamaica was threatened by hurricanes 80 times during the same period.
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  • Q: Why are the seasons reversed in the southern hemisphere?

    A: The seasons are reversed in the Southern Hemisphere because when the Northern Hemisphere is tilted toward the sun, the Southern Hemisphere is tilted away from it. Thus, when the Northern Hemisphere is receiving more direct sunlight and undergoing summer, the Southern Hemisphere is deep in the cold of winter.
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  • What are some fall season safety tips?

    Q: What are some fall season safety tips?

    A: Some fall season safety tips are servicing the furnace, using fireplaces safely, using caution with space heaters and changing smoke alarm batteries. Also, clean up any fallen leaves, and if driving, watch out for ice.
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  • Q: When is the rainy season in Cancun, Mexico?

    A: The rainy season in Cancun, Mexico, falls between the end of August and mid-November. Afternoon downpours during the rainy season are common occurrences. Occasionally flooding happens during the rainy season as well.
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  • Q: What causes windstorms?

    A: According to Encyclopedia Britannica, windstorms result from large-scale weather systems such as thunderstorms, and the interaction of cold air and warm air on the earth's surface. The two main types of windstorms are cyclones and derechos.
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  • Q: What is the weather like in January?

    A: Weather conditions during the month of January are dependent upon the climate and season in a geographic location. In the northern hemisphere, January corresponds to the winter season, while in the southern hemisphere, the same month corresponds to summer.
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  • Q: What time of year does summer-like weather begin in New Zealand?

    A: Summer-like weather begins in New Zealand around December. The summer season is officially December through February because the country lies in the southern hemisphere, meaning that the seasons are reversed from those in the northern hemisphere. January and February have the hottest summer temperatures.
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  • Q: When is hurricane season in St. Lucia?

    A: Hurricane season in St. Lucia is from June to November, overlapping with the island's rainy season. The months with the lowest percentage of rainy days are March and April, while the months with the highest percentage of rainy days are August, November, January and July.
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  • Q: Where is the Frigid Zone?

    A: The Frigid Zones are the areas north of the Arctic Circle and south of the Antarctic Circle. They are the coldest places on Earth and have extreme weather conditions.
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  • Q: What causes the seasons to change?

    A: Seasons on Earth change in response to the regular change in the planet's axial tilt relative to the Sun. Earth is inclined at a 23-degree angle, and as a result it points first one, then the other, hemisphere toward the Sun as it orbits.
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  • Q: How did El Nino get its name?

    A: The climate phenomenon "El Niño" was named by fishermen off the Pacific coast of South America who noticed occurrences of unusually warm water. Because El Niño-Southern Oscillation occurred around Christmastime, the fisherman named the condition "El Niño" as a reference to Jesus.
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