Universe

A:

It is impossible to determine who discovered Saturn, as it is one of five planets that are visible without the aid of instruments. Saturn has been widely observed by people for thousands of years, although its unique and complex system of rings are only visible using a telescope.

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  • Who discovered the planet Saturn?

    Q: Who discovered the planet Saturn?

    A: It is impossible to determine who discovered Saturn, as it is one of five planets that are visible without the aid of instruments. Saturn has been widely observed by people for thousands of years, although its unique and complex system of rings are only visible using a telescope.
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  • What is the temperature of a black hole?

    Q: What is the temperature of a black hole?

    A: According to NASA, the temperature of a black hole with the mass of the sun is only one ten-millionth of a degree over absolute zero. Scientists determine this by measuring the temperature of the radiation that comes from a black hole.
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  • Why do some stars appear brighter than others?

    Q: Why do some stars appear brighter than others?

    A: The apparent brightness of a star viewed from Earth varies based both on the type of star and its distance from the planet. The apparent magnitude differs from a star's absolute magnitude, which describes its brightness from a set distance, rather than the varying distances of stars seen from Earth. The lower the apparent magnitude, the brighter the star is as seen from Earth.
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  • Do the planets travel around the sun in a path called an orbit?

    Q: Do the planets travel around the sun in a path called an orbit?

    A: Planets travel around the sun in paths called orbits. Each planet has its own orbit around the sun, and one orbit around the sun is called a year. All planets travel in the same direction around the sun.
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  • How many modern constellations are there?

    Q: How many modern constellations are there?

    A: As of 2014, there are 41 modern constellations, which are constellations added to the catalogue after 1600. Four of them, Carina, Puppis, Pyxis and Vela are derived from Argo, a constellation catalogued by Ptolemy.
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  • Why did people once believe that Earth was the center of the Universe?

    Q: Why did people once believe that Earth was the center of the Universe?

    A: The belief of early astronomers that the Earth was the center of the universe stemmed from limited astronomical tools and geocentric attitudes. The Ptolemaic Model, developed around 100 A.D., presented the Earth-centered solar system in which most early Roman astronomers believed.
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  • What happens after a supernova?

    Q: What happens after a supernova?

    A: Depending on the size of the star before it explodes as a supernova, the core of the star either shrinks back into a tiny neutron star or becomes a black hole. If the star is only a few times bigger than the sun, the core becomes a tiny neutron star. If the star is much bigger than the sun, the chances of it becoming a black hole are much greater.
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  • What are some facts about the Aurora Borealis?

    Q: What are some facts about the Aurora Borealis?

    A: Aurora Borealis occurs when materials from the surface of the Sun collide with the atmosphere of the Earth. Experts make predictions about the occurrence of Aurora Borealis based on events taking place on the Sun and the speed of matter being thrown from the Sun's surface. Aurora Borealis is visible in portions of the Northern Hemisphere, including Canada, Scandinavia, North America, Siberia and Northern Europe.
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  • Q: What are the types of black holes?

    A: The universe contains three different categories of black holes: stellar, supermassive and miniature, which are further divided according to whether they are spinning. Non-spinning black holes are always spherical, while spinning black holes tend to be more oblate. The degree of equatorial bulge is determined only by the rotational velocity of the object.
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  • Q: What is the nature of the universe?

    A: The nature of the universe can be described by universal and absolute physical laws. There are numerous laws that govern the universe, such as the laws of mechanics, thermodynamics, gases, conservation and relativity.
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  • Q: How do you make a model of a solar system?

    A: One of the easiest ways to make a model of a solar system is to cut circles from cardboard to represent the planets and hang them in orbits from a larger circle. Use nine circles to represent the eight planets and the sun.
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  • Q: What is believed to be the origin of giant elliptical galaxies?

    A: Giant elliptical galaxies form early in the life of local galactic clusters as members of the group pass close by each other and begin to merge, according to John Dubinski for the Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics. In any sizable galactic cluster, some galaxies near the core of the group gravitationally interact with each other, exchange material and eventually fall together to form the core of the central elliptical giant.
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  • Q: How big is space?

    A: As far as humans can tell, space is infinite; it has no end or borders. Scientists believe that space will always seem infinite to humans for two reasons. First, our investigation of space has never found an edge (or any indications of an edge). Second, measurements show that space is expanding faster and faster, which pushes the edges of the universe ? if there are any ? ever farther out.
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  • Q: Where is Nibiru located?

    A: No one is sure of the location of Nibiru or whether it actually exists. Nibiru has never been seen, and there is no scientific or astronomical evidence of its existence as of 2015. Sometimes referred to as Planet X, Nibiru is an alleged planetary mass beyond Neptune.
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  • Q: Who disproved the Ptolemaic theory of the universe?

    A: Nicolaus Copernicus' 16th-century assertion that the Ptolemaic theory of the solar system was wrong was considered revolutionary. However, his published findings in 1514 weren't widely accepted because his studies were based on naked-eye observations. Galileo Galilei used a telescope to disprove the Earth-centered solar system.
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  • Q: What are Edgar Cayce's thoughts on black holes?

    A: The writings and revelations of Edgar Cayce may be mute on the topic of black holes specifically, but he does refer to what he terms "the outer darkness," a region devoid of light, love and life that some may encounter at the time of death. Cayce's description of the outer darkness, denser in its center than at its outer edges, resemble some characteristics of the present-day understanding of black holes.
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  • Q: How do you explain the nebular theory?

    A: The nebular theory of solar system formation suggests that stars and their planets form out of cooling interstellar clouds of molecular hydrogen. As the cloud contracts, it forms a disc of dense material that forms the star. As it forms, the star throws off material that coalesces into planets.
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  • Q: What is the ultimate fate of an open universe?

    A: Although the ultimate fate of the universe is a largely debated topic, according to the University of Tennessee, in an open universe the universe will continue to expand forever. This is due to insufficient mass to cause the expansion to stop.
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  • How many solar systems are there in the universe?

    Q: How many solar systems are there in the universe?

    A: There are billions of stars, and no one knows how many solar systems there are. The Earth's galaxy, the Milky Way, is so large that it would take an object 100,000 years to cross it traveling at the speed of light.
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  • Q: What is the smallest star in the universe?

    A: As of May 2015, the smallest known star in the universe is 2MASS J05233822-1403022. This star has a brightness that is 1/8,000 the brightness of the sun. Its diameter is 0.09 times that of the sun, making it smaller than Jupiter.
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  • Q: Is the universe flat?

    A: As of 2014, the universe is believed to be flat, according to the inflationary theory. This theory has to do with the density of the universe and suggests that the universe must be flat as piece of paper.
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