A:According to Science and the Sea, lunar tides are the most common tides and are caused by the Moon's gravity. Although the Sun's gravity is stronger, it is farther from the Earth than the Moon, which is why lunar tides are more than two times stronger than solar tides.
A:Ocean tides are caused by the gravitational pull of the Moon and Sun. Due to the rotation of the Earth, locations will experience two high and two low tides each day. An alignment of the Sun and Moon will result in more extreme tides, known as spring tides.
A:Many factors impact the generation, severity, frequency and strength of ocean waves. One of the most important factors leading to the formation of an ocean wave is the wind. The shapes of the basins of the ocean dictate the ocean's regular movements and also affect waves.
A:When the sun heats the air, it causes the air to become lighter and float upwards. When hot air floats upwards, cooler air rushes in to take its place. The rush of the cool air against the water creates ripples, which eventually turn into waves.
A:High tide occurs on the side of the Earth that is opposite of the moon during orbit, while the side of the Earth closest to the moon experiences low tide. The gravitational pull of the Earth and moon causes high and low tide.
A:The beaches in Siesta Key, Fla. periodically experience red tide, a condition that occurs when high levels of red-tinted and harmful algae are present in the water. During red tides, the ocean water may display a reddish-brown hue.
A:Waves are caused by wind blowing on the ocean surface. Stronger winds cause larger waves. Variations in wind speed and duration determine the size and frequency of waves. The horizontal length of the wave is established by the horizontal distance between its two crests and the vertical length is established by the vertical distance between the crests. Large waves can also be created by undersea seismic activity.
A:Tides, which are rising and falling sea levels, are caused by the effects of gravitational forces of the moon and sun combined with the Earth's rotation. Tidal magnitudes are affected by shoreline shape, the shape of bodies of water and environmental factors.
A:All tides, including the cycle of spring and neap tides, are caused by the gravitational pull of the sun and moon on Earth's ocean tides. Each month, the angles and alignment of the sun, moon and Earth work to influence the cycle of tides.
A:Tidal energy has been used since the early Middle Ages in Europe; no one person is credited with inventing it. The earliest record of communities using the power of waves to generate energy for paddlewheels dates from the 10th century.
A:Electricity is generated through the revolution of turbines installed in a dam built across a river. Turbines are designed to work for both the ebb and the flow directions. These turbines move due to tidal movements.
A:The bottom layer of the ocean is the coldest because cold water has a higher density than warm water. The colder water sinks to the bottom of the ocean. This movement of water creates the ocean currents.
A:A local tide table displays the predicted times and heights of high and low tides. The height of the water is relative to a point called Mean Lower Low Water, which is the average height of the lowest tide during the recording period of a tidal station.
A:Tides affect marine life by causing fish to gather in one spot, depending on the species and water depth. Strong tidal currents cause a concentration of bait and smaller fish that attracts larger fish to the area. Predicting tides is a tool fishermen use to improve their catches.
A:Tidal energy is used to supply power plants with electricity. Tidal energy harnesses the power of water and the ocean in various ways. Very few commercial plants exist as tidal energy is still not widely in use.
A:Tides form when the gravitational forces of the moon and sun act on the Earth as it spins around its axis. Tides are the rise and fall of the sea level in reference to land. For example, spring tides are the result of the alignment of the sun, moon and Earth that typically occurs during new and full moons.
A:Characteristics that all waves have in common are wavelength, amplitude and frequency. Apart from these properties, different types of waves have a number of varying characteristics. A wave is defined as a repetitive disturbance traveling through a medium going from one location to another.