States of Matter

A:

Most glass takes on a more fluid consistency at temperatures of around 1350 degrees Fahrenheit. At this temperature, glass has the consistency of honey or syrup.

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  • What Are Some General Properties of Matter?

    Q: What Are Some General Properties of Matter?

    A: Properties of matter, defined by Education Portal, are divided into two groups: physical properties that include color, density, mass, boiling point, volume, solubility, malleability and temperature; and chemical properties that include reactivity with oxygen, reactivity with water, flammability, pH, toxicity and combustion. Physical properties of matter can be observed or measured without changing the composition, while chemical properties can only be observed after a chemical change has occurred.
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  • In What Two Ways Is Heat Involved in Chemical Change?

    Q: In What Two Ways Is Heat Involved in Chemical Change?

    A: Heat is involved in chemical change in two ways; chemical changes either result in heat being added to or removed from an object, and chemical changes require a certain amount of heat before they can take place. Both of these two mechanisms of chemical change involve the heat characteristics of the involved substance or substances and the environment in which the chemical change is taking place.
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  • What Is the Density of Oil?

    Q: What Is the Density of Oil?

    A: The density of oil depends on the type of oil and varies between 0.8 to 0.96 grams per centimeter cubed. Fuel oil is commonly used in engines and industrial furnaces. It is also called heating oil and has a density of 0.81 grams per centimeter cubed.
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  • How Long Does Water Take to Freeze in a Freezer?

    Q: How Long Does Water Take to Freeze in a Freezer?

    A: The time it takes for water to freeze in a typical freezer varies depending on a number of factors. The first factor to consider is the amount of water being frozen.
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  • At What Temperature Does Gasoline Burn?

    Q: At What Temperature Does Gasoline Burn?

    A: Gasoline burns at 495 degrees Fahrenheit at standard atmospheric pressure. This ignition temperature is the lowest temperature at which gasoline may undergo combustion. If the temperature is lower than this, a fire is needed to ignite gasoline. If too little air is present, a higher temperature is needed.
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  • How Does Gas Become a Liquid?

    Q: How Does Gas Become a Liquid?

    A: The process of a gas changing to a liquid is called condensation, and for condensation to take place, the environment has to reach maximum vapor pressure, generally through a lowering of temperature in the case of the water cycle. Because pressure varies inversely with temperature, as temperature decreases, pressure goes up, causing the gas molecules to move with progressively less kinetic energy. Eventually, liquid vapor and droplets form, and the gas begins to condense.
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  • Why Do Solids Have Definite Shapes and Volumes?

    Q: Why Do Solids Have Definite Shapes and Volumes?

    A: Solids have definite shapes and volumes because their atoms and molecules are held together firmly by the strong inter-molecular forces. At low temperatures, the kinetic energy in the solid is usually not enough to overcome these intermolecular forces, so the solid remains in the same state.
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  • What Is the Temperature of Ice?

    Q: What Is the Temperature of Ice?

    A: Chemists at the University of Utah discovered that ice forms at temperatures as low as minus 55 degrees Fahrenheit, according to a Science Daily article. Prior to this discovery, scientists believed ice formed exclusively at 32 degrees Fahrenheit.
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  • What Happens in a Condensation Reaction?

    Q: What Happens in a Condensation Reaction?

    A: In a condensation reaction, two reactants react to form water or ammonia and one other byproduct. As long as either water or ammonia is formed and is the only byproduct, a reaction is considered a condensation reaction. A condensation reaction is not to be confused with the process called condensation, where water vapor turns to liquid after losing heat.
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  • What Is the Melting Point of Glass?

    Q: What Is the Melting Point of Glass?

    A: The melting point of glass varies greatly according to what type of glass is being melted, but typically ranges from 2,597 to 2,912 degrees Fahrenheit. The variance in melting temperatures is caused by the mix of materials used initially to create the glass.
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  • Where Does Chalk Come From?

    Q: Where Does Chalk Come From?

    A: According to Discovering Fossils, chalk occurs naturally in nature as calcium carbonate, a form of limestone. Limestone is formed from the decomposition and sedimentation of Coccolithophores skeletons, a type of plankton.
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  • At What Temperature Does Ice Melt?

    Q: At What Temperature Does Ice Melt?

    A: Ice begins to melt when its surroundings rise above its freezing point, that being 32 degrees Fahrenheit (0 degrees Celsius). Depending on the salt content and the presence of other substances, that freezing point may be an even lower temperature.
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  • What Is the Fifth State of Matter?

    Q: What Is the Fifth State of Matter?

    A: The fifth state of matter is Bose-Einstein condensation, which is a gaseous superfluid formed by atoms that have been cooled to almost absolute zero. The theory was proposed by Satyndra Bose and Albert Einstein in the 1920s.
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  • How Long Does It Take to Freeze a Gallon of Water?

    Q: How Long Does It Take to Freeze a Gallon of Water?

    A: The time it takes to freeze a gallon of water varies from minutes to several hours. The time it takes is based on several factors including temperature and the pureness of the water.
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  • What Is It Called When a Gas Turns Into a Liquid?

    Q: What Is It Called When a Gas Turns Into a Liquid?

    A: Condensation is the name of the process through which gas turns into a liquid. Three common states of matter exist: solids, liquids and gases. Matter, however, can change its state with the addition or subtraction of energy. The energy is usually in the form of heat.
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  • What Is the Boiling Point of Distilled Water?

    Q: What Is the Boiling Point of Distilled Water?

    A: The boiling point of distilled water is 100 degrees Celsius or 212 degrees Fahrenheit. The boiling point of water can be higher or lower depending on several factors.
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  • At What Temperature Does Glass Melt?

    Q: At What Temperature Does Glass Melt?

    A: Most glass takes on a more fluid consistency at temperatures of around 1350 degrees Fahrenheit. At this temperature, glass has the consistency of honey or syrup.
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  • At What Temperature Does Wood Catch Fire?

    Q: At What Temperature Does Wood Catch Fire?

    A: Dry wood catches fire between about 300 degrees Fahrenheit and 580 degrees Fahrenheit, depending upon the species of wood and the extent of decay present, with more decayed wood being quicker to ignite. The amount of moisture in the wood is the strongest influence on wood reaching this temperature.
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  • What Happens When Water Freezes?

    Q: What Happens When Water Freezes?

    A: When water freezes, the molecules slow down and assume a fixed position, although not quite in the way that one might think. Water is made of molecules with two hydrogen atoms and an oxygen atom, but those molecules don't just stop moving as units. One would think they would all stop, because the Third Law of Thermodynamics says that entropy drops with temperature, getting close to zero. However, ice does not show that property, which is one reason why ice is the only solid less dense than its liquid state.
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  • Which Gas Is Used in Light Bulbs?

    Q: Which Gas Is Used in Light Bulbs?

    A: Argon is a commonly used gas used to fill incandescent light bulbs. It increases bulb life by preventing the tungsten filaments from deteriorating too quickly. Other gases such as helium, neon, nitrogen and krypton are also used in lighting.
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  • How Does Matter Change From One State to Another?

    Q: How Does Matter Change From One State to Another?

    A: An element's state changes depending on its temperature and the pressure exerted on it. Heating or cooling an element can cause it to change states. Adding or removing pressure can do so as well.
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