The solubility of sucrose in water at 20 degrees Celsius (60 degrees Fahrenheit) is 204 g sucrose/100 g water. Solubility varies with the temperature of the solution. As the temperature of the water rises, more sucrose can be dissolved.
A:In chemistry, a filtrate is a liquid that has passed through the filtration process. In this process, liquid is strained. Bigger particles get stuck in the strainer, while smaller particles and liquid pass through, becoming filtrate.
A:Caustic soda is an inorganic compound that is a metallic base neutralized by acidic substances. The chemical name for caustic soda is sodium hydroxide, and it has the chemical formula NaOH. It is also known as lye.
A:The Environmental Protection Agency establishes a recommended range of TDS in drinking water at 500 parts per million or lower. The total dissolved solids represent the accumulated content of organic and inorganic substances contained in water.
A:Another name for a homogeneous mixture is a solution. The term "solution" is more frequently used when a homogeneous mixture is a liquid, although it is sometimes used if the homogeneous mixture is a gas. Another name for a solid homogeneous mixture of metals is an alloy.
A:Heterogeneous and homogeneous mixtures are identified by the level at which the mixtures blend together. Visible indications of different components within a mixture denote a heterogeneous mixture, while a uniform, single-component appearance indicates a homogeneous mixture.
A:A solution is a mixture featuring solutes that have been dissolved, while a suspension is a mixture of liquids also containing solid particles that may not completely dissolve inside the liquid. Materials that dissolve in liquids are considered soluble. When no more solute dissolves in a particular solvent while temperature remains the same, the solution is considered to be saturated.
A:A solute is the smaller part of a solution, which in many cases is said to have been dissolved by the solvent. A solution is any mixture that is homogeneous at a molecular level, which means that any given volume of the solution has about the same proportion of type of molecule in the overall solution as the overall solution.
A:A mixture is formed when two or more substances are physically mixed together. A compound is formed when two or more substances are chemically combined through a chemical reaction. The components of a mixture can be separated with relative ease, whereas the components of a compound are almost impossible to separate without a chemical reaction.
A:To separate alcohol from water, you must heat the solution, evaporate the ethanol into vapor, cool it down and condense it back into a liquid using a distillation apparatus. This process is called distillation, and it is used to separate a pure liquid from a liquid mixture. Distillation works for liquids that have different boiling points.
A:Kerosene is a mixture of hydrocarbons and does not have a single chemical formula. The hydrocarbons in the mixture include compounds with 10 to 16 carbon atoms in both straight chain and branched formations.
A:Milk is a specific type of homogeneous mixture called a colloid. Examples of other commonly encountered colloids include prepared gelatin and fog. The particles in a colloid are large enough to see in direct light, but smaller than those found in a suspension.
A:The purest water that is theoretically possible would consist of nothing but H2O molecules and exclude substances like minerals and salts. This maximum is never truly achieved for large samples in practice, so the term "pure water" has taken on different meanings that vary by the water's intended use.
A:Mixing bleach and ammonia produces toxic gases called chloramines that can damage the upper respiratory tract and irritate the eyes, throat and nose. Symptoms include coughing, shortness of breath, watery eyes and nausea. Prolonged exposure to chloramines in an enclosed space can cause death, particularly if a person has any pre-existing respiratory conditions.
A:Silver nitrate, or AgNO3, mixed with distilled water is a solution. A solution is a homogeneous mixture where one substance dissolves in another substance. Explained by ABetterChemText, the solute is broken down completely into individual ions or molecules. In water, AgNO3 disassociates into Ag+ ions and NO3- ions.
A:Most of the helium gas used to fill balloons is a mixture because commercial helium is seldom pure. Usually, it contains impurities in the form of nitrogen and oxygen gas. However, the helium present in this mixture is also a substance.