Organic Chemistry

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Denatured proteins are hydrolyzed, and the peptide bonds are broken down into easily digestible amino acids. Protein supplements often contain denatured proteins to increase absorption. Athletes use denatured proteins to get supplemental protein into their muscles more quickly.

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  • What is the purest form of water?

    Q: What is the purest form of water?

    A: Rainwater is often considered the purest form of water available on the Earth. The evaporation of the water by the sun allows the salts and other impurities to be left behind out of the water.
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  • What are examples of metalloids?

    Q: What are examples of metalloids?

    A: Examples of metalloids are boron, germanium, arsenic, silicon, tellurium, polonium and antimony. These elements exist in the realm between metals and non-metals and can have properties of both.
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  • What happens when a protein is denatured?

    Q: What happens when a protein is denatured?

    A: Denatured proteins are hydrolyzed, and the peptide bonds are broken down into easily digestible amino acids. Protein supplements often contain denatured proteins to increase absorption. Athletes use denatured proteins to get supplemental protein into their muscles more quickly.
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  • What are examples of organic materials?

    Q: What are examples of organic materials?

    A: Examples of organic materials include wood, paper, textiles and animal parts. Organic materials are any type of materials that are found in nature or are made out of items that are found in nature. Organic materials are composed solely of organic compounds. These compounds contain the element carbon, which is widely found in nature in plants and animals. Organic materials naturally deteriorate over time, according to Preservation 101.
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  • What is the chemical formula of olive oil?

    Q: What is the chemical formula of olive oil?

    A: Olive oil is a mixture of organic compounds, making it impossible to provide a single chemical formula to represent it. The method of extracting the oil from the olives, along with the variety and ripeness of olive used, affect composition.
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  • How many different amino acids are there?

    Q: How many different amino acids are there?

    A: There are 20 different kinds of amino acids. Adult humans can only produce 11 of them, so the other nine must be consumed via diet. The amino acids that humans cannot produce are called essential amino acids because they are needed for the body to function.
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  • What are some sources of chemical energy?

    Q: What are some sources of chemical energy?

    A: Chemical energy is that which is either released or absorbed when a chemical reaction takes place, such as the release of heat and electrical energy from a hydrogen fuel cell. Another example is the heat release derived from burning wood or other organic substances. Burning represents a commonly relied upon chemical reaction used to release the stored energy in a wide variety of biomass fuels ranging from coal and natural gas to oil and other fossil fuel derivatives.
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  • What is the function of lipids?

    Q: What is the function of lipids?

    A: Lipids, often referred to as fats, are one of the four macromolecules required by all living organisms. The Elmhurst College Virtual Chembook states that the primary function of lipids is to store energy for later use.
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  • What is the difference between oil and grease?

    Q: What is the difference between oil and grease?

    A: According to the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalor, oil is the general term that applies to all liquid lubricants, while greases are oils that have been mixed with a thickening agent, which turns them into a semi-solid material. Rather than imparting additional lubrication to the mixture, the thickening agent holds the lubricating oil while reducing its viscosity.
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  • What is an example of an organic compound?

    Q: What is an example of an organic compound?

    A: Examples of organic compounds include lipids, proteins, carbohydrates and nucleic acids. An organic compound is any compound containing one or more atoms of carbon covalently bonded to other elements or atoms. In such cases, the carbon is normally bonded to hydrogen, nitrogen or oxygen.
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  • What is the chemical formula for lemon juice?

    Q: What is the chemical formula for lemon juice?

    A: There is no specific formula for lemon juice, as this liquid is a mixture and not a singular compound. Lemon juice is made of water, citric acid, vitamins and minerals, each specific compound having its own chemical formula.
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  • Why is iodine called an indicator?

    Q: Why is iodine called an indicator?

    A: Iodine is known as an indicator because it changes color in the presence of starch and several other molecules. Iodine can also be used to track iodide and iodine in its elemental form.
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  • At what temperature does wood ignite?

    Q: At what temperature does wood ignite?

    A: The minimum temperature needed to ignite wood is 180 degrees Celsius or 356 degrees Fahrenheit. The amount of time of exposure varies due to the type of wood. Long-leaf wood has the fastest ignition time at this temperature, taking about 14 minutes to ignite.
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  • How does chemistry relate to biology?

    Q: How does chemistry relate to biology?

    A: Chemistry and biology aren't just related but completely intertwined, as all biological processes are rooted in chemical processes. Biology cannot be completely understood without knowing basic chemistry.
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  • What are some examples of decomposers?

    Q: What are some examples of decomposers?

    A: Decomposers include certain types of bacteria, worms, slugs, snails and fungi. All of these organisms break down or eat dead or decomposing organisms to help carry out the process of decomposition. They are the last step in the food chain, which recycles nutrients and breaks down wastes and organic matter in the ecosystem.
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  • What do biochemical tests determine?

    Q: What do biochemical tests determine?

    A: Biochemical tests are used to detect the presence or absence of gram-negative or gram-positive bacteria. These tests are commonly used in the fields of science and medicine, particularly biology. Biochemical tests are performed using a variety of methods and experimental techniques; the method of testing varies depending on whether researchers are testing for positive or negative bacteria.
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  • What is the most abundant metal on Earth?

    Q: What is the most abundant metal on Earth?

    A: The most abundant metal on Earth is aluminum. Aluminum is the third most abundant element in the Earth's crust, and makes up 8 percent of it by parts per million.
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  • What are the four steps of DNA replication?

    Q: What are the four steps of DNA replication?

    A: The four steps of DNA replication are the unwinding of two coiled strands of DNA, complementary pairing of nucleotide bases, completion of the joins and continuous and discontinuous synthesis
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  • What happens when you inhale propane gas?

    Q: What happens when you inhale propane gas?

    A: Inhaling propane gas has different symptoms depending on how much of the gas is inhaled. Respiratory protection is not needed while working with limited amounts of propane gas.
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  • What elements are found in organic compounds?

    Q: What elements are found in organic compounds?

    A: All organic compounds contain carbon. Carbon is so important to the structure of organic molecules that organic chemistry has been called the study of carbon and its compounds. Other elements are readily incorporated into organic molecules, though the determining feature of an organic molecule is the presence or absence of carbon atoms.
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  • What is the difference between hyphae and pseudohyphae?

    Q: What is the difference between hyphae and pseudohyphae?

    A: According to the science journal Nature, the differences between pseudohyphae and hyphae are dictated by the shape of the cells, the location of the septin ring and the septum relative to the mother cell and the displacement of the nucleus from the mother cell. The degree of polarized growth and the degree to which the daughter cells are able to separate into individuals cells also create a distinction between pseudohyphae and hyphae.
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