Natural Resources

A:

The U.S. Energy Information Administration estimates that the natural gas reserves of the United States will last around 92 years. The estimate will hold true only if the national natural gas consumption rate stays at the 2011 levels, around 24 trillion cubic feet per year.

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  • How long will natural gas reserves last?

    Q: How long will natural gas reserves last?

    A: The U.S. Energy Information Administration estimates that the natural gas reserves of the United States will last around 92 years. The estimate will hold true only if the national natural gas consumption rate stays at the 2011 levels, around 24 trillion cubic feet per year.
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  • What are the causes of resource depletion?

    Q: What are the causes of resource depletion?

    A: Overconsumption, or people consuming resources faster than they can be replenished, is the main cause of resource depletion. Overpopulation, industrial and technological development, erosion, deforestation, over-fishing, irrigation, mining and pollution all contribute to the problem as well.
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  • How is wind energy stored?

    Q: How is wind energy stored?

    A: According to the Agonist Learning Center, wind energy is stored by compressed air energy storage, and by using batteries and hydrogen fuel cells. Storing wind energy that is generated when the wind is strong and utilizing it when there isn't enough wind enhances the usability of wind energy.
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  • What are Japan's natural resources?

    Q: What are Japan's natural resources?

    A: Japan's natural resources include fish, agriculture and small amounts of metals and minerals. Japan is notable for boasting strong industrial output and a high standard of living despite having very few natural resources, particularly in the area of natural energy.
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  • How is crude oil turned into plastic?

    Q: How is crude oil turned into plastic?

    A: According to PlasticsEurope, a multinational plastics-industry trade commission, crude oil is distilled into fractions, which are smaller groups of the components that make up oil; some of these fractions are discarded for other purposes, while the ones that are used to make plastics are then further processed. The main fraction of oil that is used for plastic production is known as naphtha.
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  • What is the difference between a forest and a wood?

    Q: What is the difference between a forest and a wood?

    A: Woods and forests both have natural areas filled with trees, but woods are smaller and have fewer kinds of plants and animals. Forests have lots of shade because trees grow closely together in an area with a high density of trees. On the other hand, woods have plenty of sunlight because they have less vegetation.
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  • How is crude oil extracted from the Earth?

    Q: How is crude oil extracted from the Earth?

    A: Petroleum companies extract crude oil from the Earth using a perforation in the Earth's surface called an oil well. Crude oil is a liquid form of petroleum. In addition, wells provide natural gas. Refining crude oil produces gasoline, diesel fuel and other useful petroleum products.
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  • What is nuclear energy used for today?

    Q: What is nuclear energy used for today?

    A: Today, nuclear energy is used to some degree to provide electricity to many countries as well as act as the main fuel source for marine propulsion for ships in many navies. In some countries, such as France, nuclear energy is the primary source for electricity generation, according to the World Nuclear Association.
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  • What are windmills used for?

    Q: What are windmills used for?

    A: Windmills, also called wind turbines, are used for a wide variety of purposes, which include pumping water, grinding meal into flour, generating electricity and aerating ponds. The use of windmills has increased in popularity since they are considered green, meaning they cause no harm to the environment.
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  • Why is petroleum important?

    Q: Why is petroleum important?

    A: Petroleum, also called crude oil, is an important source of energy, according to Natural Resources Canada. Oil provided approximately 34 percent of the world's energy needs in 2008.
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  • Will we ever run out of crude oil?

    Q: Will we ever run out of crude oil?

    A: Oil is a nonrenewable resource, which is available only in finite quantities, and it will eventually become uneconomical to extract. New technologies, such as hydraulic fracturing, have delayed that point for several decades, but the total volume of oil is not increasing, according to the U.S. Department of Energy.
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  • What is the function of a windmill?

    Q: What is the function of a windmill?

    A: A windmill's function is to harness the power of the wind to generate useful energy for humans. In the past, people used this energy to grind grain or pump water. More modern windmills turn wind energy into electrical power.
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  • How long does it take to make coal?

    Q: How long does it take to make coal?

    A: The coal formation process takes millions of years. The coal in use today started to form over 300 million years ago as living trees, ferns and other types of plant material. Coal is a nonrenewable resource because the time it requires for formation far exceeds the rate at which man uses it.
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  • What are the advantages of natural gas?

    Q: What are the advantages of natural gas?

    A: One advantage of natural gas is that it is environmentally friendly due to low emissions. Natural gas produces less smog than other types, including propane.
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  • What are five natural sources of light?

    Q: What are five natural sources of light?

    A: Natural sources of light include sunlight, the stars, volcanoes, meteorological lightning and biochemical sources. These types of light are naturally occurring and do not necessarily need humans to create light.
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  • How long will nuclear energy last?

    Q: How long will nuclear energy last?

    A: Scientific American notes that the world's uranium supply, the element used to create nuclear energy, can operate nuclear reactors for 200 years or more at stable consumption levels. Each nuclear reactor requires the use of low-enriched uranium fuel to create electricity. It is estimated that nuclear plants worldwide use approximately 70,000 metric tons of uranium to produce 2.8 trillion kilowatt-hours of electricity each year.
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  • What is a list of things made from coal?

    Q: What is a list of things made from coal?

    A: Thousands of products are made with coal or coal by-products, including aspirins, soap, dyes, solvents, plastics, and fibers such as rayon or nylon. Coal is an important ingredient in production of products that require activated carbon, carbon fiber or silicon metal. Activated carbon is an essential ingredient in the production of air purification and water filters as well as kidney dialysis machines.
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  • Which fossil fuel is the most abundant?

    Q: Which fossil fuel is the most abundant?

    A: According to data published in 2013 by the International Energy Agency, coal is the most abundant fossil fuel. The IEA puts the total amount of proven coal resources available at 1,040 tons, which is up 3 percent from 2011.
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  • How does solar energy create electricity?

    Q: How does solar energy create electricity?

    A: Solar energy produces electricity by generating copious amounts of heat, which is channeled through electrical conductors and transformed into electrical power. Solar heat collectors, cooling towers and photovoltaic panels are all types of energy systems that use solar energy. Heat collectors and panels sit on building roofs and over parking lots, and they are strategically placed facing south, where the sun shines with the most power.
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  • How many gallons per minute does a shower use?

    Q: How many gallons per minute does a shower use?

    A: A regular shower head uses 7 to 10 gallons a minute, while a water-saving shower head puts out 2 to 4 gallons a minute. An average shower lasts 12 to 15 minutes, resulting in a use of up to 150 gallons per shower.
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  • How is dirty water purified?

    Q: How is dirty water purified?

    A: Contaminated, dirty or otherwise impure water can be cleaned and purified by using various filtration and chemical treatment methods. In cases of true emergency, dirty water can be cleaned out, although not necessarily disinfected, using evaporation techniques.
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