As with all tissues dependent on a vascular supply, muscles depend on red blood cells to transport oxygen to them. Red blood cells, in turn, rely on an oxygen transport protein called hemoglobin to carry oxygen to all parts of the body.
A:According to Boundless.com, muscles are arranged in groupings of agonist, antagonist and synergists that produce and modulate movement. When a muscle contracts, it moves the bone and spreads the force of the contraction to avoid the tearing of fibers embedded in the periosteum of the bone known as tendons.
A:According to Gatorade Sports Science Institute, muscles hurt when they tire due to the accumulation of lactic acid. Muscles produce energy by converting glycogen into adenosine triphosphate with the release of acid and carbon dioxide. Muscles tire quickly during heavy exercises causing a demand for more energy. When the amount of oxygen supply to exercising muscles is limited, aerobic respiration takes place, resulting in an acidic environment within muscle fibers.
A:Four main muscles are required for talking. These are the thyroarytenoid muscles, or vocalis muscles; the posterior cricoarytenoid muscles; the lateral cricoarytenoid muscle and the interarytenoid muscle.
A:Enthesopathy of the hip is an arthritic disorder in the sockets of the hip bone that affects the tendons and ligaments that are attached there. This means that the connections are not working correctly or are damaged in some way, creating problems with the connecting tissues between the hips and other bones. This causes pain or difficulty while moving or walking.
A:The trunk muscles involved in arm adduction are the pectoralis major and pectoralis minor. Other muscles involved in arm adduction and transverse arm adduction are latissimus dorsi, pectoralis major, pectoralis minor, teres major, coracobrachialis and triceps brachii.
A:Shrugging of the shoulders is primarily accomplished by the upper region of the trapezius muscle. The upper trapezius extends from the shoulder blade up to the back of the neck and is a common target of weight training exercises.
A:MedlinePlus explains that the human body has three different types of muscles: skeletal, cardiac and smooth. These muscle groups have different functions, are located in different parts of the body and have different structures.
A:The crunch exercise primarily works the rectus abdominis, transversus abdominis and oblique muscles. The rectus abdominis muscles form the six-pack and are located perpendicularly along the front of the stomach. These muscles are part of the core, which supports bending and standing up.
A:If someone can tie a cherry stem into a knot with their tongue, that suggests they may be a good kisser due to the oral dexterity required to perform the feat. It is a common trick performed at bars due to the presence of Maraschino cherries as drink garnishes.
A:The major muscle groups in the body are the abdominal muscles, biceps, deltoids, erector spinae, gastrocnemius, soleus, gluteus, hamstrings, latissimus dorsi, rhomboids, obliques, pectoralis, quadriceps, trapezius and triceps. Each muscle group contributes to a variety of different functions, such as walking, climbing and sitting.
A:According to Discovery Communications, the human face typically has 43 muscles. However, due to the complex muscular structure and the dense grouping of muscles, sometimes fewer than 43 are found on some people.
A:The diaphragm is a sheet of muscle that stretches like a dome over the organs of the upper abdomen and serves as a boundary between the abdominal cavity and the thoracic. It separates the lungs from the main body cavity and, together with the ribs, forms a seal that allows the lungs to inflate as part of the process of respiration.
A:The stapedius muscle, which is the shortest muscle in the human body (at a mere millimeter in length), holds the stapes in place inside the tympanic cavity of the ear. The stapedius works in conjunction with the smallest bone in the body to aid the function of hearing.
A:The average weight of a man’s heart is 10 ounces, and the average weight of a women’s heart is 8 ounces. The average heart rate for women is 78 beats per minute, and the average heart rate for men is 70 beats per minute.
A:The body parts involved in hip extension when climbing stairs are the torso and lower back, opposite leg, knee and ankle, and hip joints. Hip extension during stair climbing occurs when the opposite leg is raised to the next step.
A:The standing lateral raise primarily works the lateral deltoid muscles, which are the muscles found on the sides of the shoulders. Synergists include the middle and lower trapezius and the anterior, or front, deltoid muscles.
A:According to MedicineNet, muscles respond to exercise through contraction and resistance, both of which eventually result in increased muscular strength. Neural impulses direct fibers to contract, resulting in voluntary exercise. There are three different types of muscles that are worked during exercise, including skeletal, smooth and cardiac muscle, and each one responds differently to physical exercise.
A:According to Yoga Journal, sitting cross-legged requires flexibility in the hip joints, back and inner thighs, and pelvis. These muscles are all very strong and can take some coaxing before stretching and relaxing enough for this to be a comfortable seated position.
A:The muscular system consists of approximately 700 muscles that belong to one of three distinct categories: skeletal, smooth or cardiac. Skeletal muscles are attached to the body's skeleton and assist it in moving. Smooth muscles are found in the internal organs and help maintain normal functions such as bladder control. Cardiac muscle is only found in the heart.