Muscles

A:

The muscles that extend the toes are the flexor hallucis longus, which flexes and extends the big toe, and the flexor digitorum longus, which flexes and extends the “lateral” four toes. The muscle known as the “flexor hallucis longus” is found on the posterior surface near the fibula and shaft.

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  • What is the function of the diaphragm?

    Q: What is the function of the diaphragm?

    A: The diaphragm is a sheet of muscle that stretches like a dome over the organs of the upper abdomen and serves as a boundary between the abdominal cavity and the thoracic. It separates the lungs from the main body cavity and, together with the ribs, forms a seal that allows the lungs to inflate as part of the process of respiration.
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  • How do the muscles work in a bicep curl?

    Q: How do the muscles work in a bicep curl?

    A: The bicep, like other muscles, is primarily controlled by the cerebrum, a section of the brain located just above the brain stem and the cerebellum. The peripheral nervous system relies on the cerebrum to send signals to the bicep's short and long heads so that they function as a single muscle as the bicep contracts during the curl.
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  • How many muscles move your hand?

    Q: How many muscles move your hand?

    A: According to Clinical Anatomy For Dummies, there are a total of 18 intrinsic muscles that work to move each hand. These muscles are in three groups: the thenar muscles, the hypothenar muscles and the interosseous muscles and the lumbricals.
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  • Why can't I sit cross-legged?

    Q: Why can't I sit cross-legged?

    A: According to Yoga Journal, sitting cross-legged requires flexibility in the hip joints, back and inner thighs, and pelvis. These muscles are all very strong and can take some coaxing before stretching and relaxing enough for this to be a comfortable seated position.
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  • When will a woman's biceps start to grow?

    Q: When will a woman's biceps start to grow?

    A: Women are incapable of developing their muscles, including the biceps, to the extent of most men due to their lack of testosterone. A woman's biceps, however, can still grow larger and stronger through exercises, such as the dumbbell curl and the chin-up that target this muscle and related muscles.
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  • What are the major muscles in the body?

    Q: What are the major muscles in the body?

    A: The major muscle groups in the body are the abdominal muscles, biceps, deltoids, erector spinae, gastrocnemius, soleus, gluteus, hamstrings, latissimus dorsi, rhomboids, obliques, pectoralis, quadriceps, trapezius and triceps. Each muscle group contributes to a variety of different functions, such as walking, climbing and sitting.
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  • Do girls have groin muscles?

    Q: Do girls have groin muscles?

    A: Yes, girls and women have groin muscles. The groin is actually a group of five muscles that attach the thigh to the pelvis, and everyone has these muscles. They are also called the "adductors."
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  • Which trunk muscle allows you to adduct your arms?

    Q: Which trunk muscle allows you to adduct your arms?

    A: The trunk muscles involved in arm adduction are the pectoralis major and pectoralis minor. Other muscles involved in arm adduction and transverse arm adduction are latissimus dorsi, pectoralis major, pectoralis minor, teres major, coracobrachialis and triceps brachii.
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  • What body parts are used to extend the hip when climbing stairs?

    Q: What body parts are used to extend the hip when climbing stairs?

    A: The body parts involved in hip extension when climbing stairs are the torso and lower back, opposite leg, knee and ankle, and hip joints. Hip extension during stair climbing occurs when the opposite leg is raised to the next step.
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  • What is the scientific name of the thigh muscle?

    Q: What is the scientific name of the thigh muscle?

    A: The scientific name of the anterior thigh muscles is the quadriceps femoris. The other muscles in the thighs are called the adductors, which form the inner thigh, the hamstrings, which are at the back of the thighs, and the abductors, which are found on the outer thighs.
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  • What are dynamic and static contractions?

    Q: What are dynamic and static contractions?

    A: A static (or isometric) contraction occurs when a muscle generates force while the joint angle remains the same. An example would be what happens when a person pushes against a wall. The muscles contract but the joint remains unmoved. A dynamic (or isotonic) contraction occurs when the force generated by the muscle causes movement in the joint. Dynamic contractions occur during most physical activities.
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  • What is the function of the gluteal muscles?

    Q: What is the function of the gluteal muscles?

    A: The gluteus maximus muscle is responsible for the movement of the hips and thighs. Rising from a seated position, climbing stairs and standing are all aided by this muscle.
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  • What are the differences in structure and function of the three main muscle types?

    Q: What are the differences in structure and function of the three main muscle types?

    A: MedlinePlus explains that the human body has three different types of muscles: skeletal, cardiac and smooth. These muscle groups have different functions, are located in different parts of the body and have different structures.
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  • How much does the human heart weigh?

    Q: How much does the human heart weigh?

    A: The average weight of a man’s heart is 10 ounces, and the average weight of a women’s heart is 8 ounces. The average heart rate for women is 78 beats per minute, and the average heart rate for men is 70 beats per minute.
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  • What happens when muscles get tired?

    Q: What happens when muscles get tired?

    A: According to Gatorade Sports Science Institute, muscles hurt when they tire due to the accumulation of lactic acid. Muscles produce energy by converting glycogen into adenosine triphosphate with the release of acid and carbon dioxide. Muscles tire quickly during heavy exercises causing a demand for more energy. When the amount of oxygen supply to exercising muscles is limited, aerobic respiration takes place, resulting in an acidic environment within muscle fibers.
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  • How many muscles are there in your face?

    Q: How many muscles are there in your face?

    A: According to Discovery Communications, the human face typically has 43 muscles. However, due to the complex muscular structure and the dense grouping of muscles, sometimes fewer than 43 are found on some people.
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  • How is oxygen transported to the muscles?

    Q: How is oxygen transported to the muscles?

    A: As with all tissues dependent on a vascular supply, muscles depend on red blood cells to transport oxygen to them. Red blood cells, in turn, rely on an oxygen transport protein called hemoglobin to carry oxygen to all parts of the body.
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  • How many muscles does it take to smile or frown?

    Q: How many muscles does it take to smile or frown?

    A: It is difficult to say how many muscles it takes to smile or frown because all people make different expressions when smiling and frowning. What might be a thoughtful look for one person is another person's frown. The number of facial muscles present also varies between individuals.
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  • What does it mean if you can tie a cherry stem with your tongue?

    Q: What does it mean if you can tie a cherry stem with your tongue?

    A: If someone can tie a cherry stem into a knot with their tongue, that suggests they may be a good kisser due to the oral dexterity required to perform the feat. It is a common trick performed at bars due to the presence of Maraschino cherries as drink garnishes.
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  • How do muscles respond to exercise?

    Q: How do muscles respond to exercise?

    A: According to MedicineNet, muscles respond to exercise through contraction and resistance, both of which eventually result in increased muscular strength. Neural impulses direct fibers to contract, resulting in voluntary exercise. There are three different types of muscles that are worked during exercise, including skeletal, smooth and cardiac muscle, and each one responds differently to physical exercise.
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  • What muscle group does the standing lateral raise primarily work?

    Q: What muscle group does the standing lateral raise primarily work?

    A: The standing lateral raise primarily works the lateral deltoid muscles, which are the muscles found on the sides of the shoulders. Synergists include the middle and lower trapezius and the anterior, or front, deltoid muscles.
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