Months & Seasons

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An extra day is added to February every four years to synchronize the Gregorian calendar with the solar calendar. One year in the solar calendar is 5 hours, 48 minutes and 46 seconds longer than one year in the Gregorian calendar, the calendar used by most modern countries.

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  • Why is February the shortest month of the year?

    Q: Why is February the shortest month of the year?

    A: February is the shortest month because it is used to realign the calendar with the solar year by adding days during leap years. The reason February was chosen for this purpose goes back to the Romans, who did not originally have months for the winter season.
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  • On what day does fall start?

    Q: On what day does fall start?

    A: Among astronomers, the general consensus for the start of the fall season is when the sun's central disk traverses the celestial equator in a southward direction, normally occurring around the third week of September. However, meteorologists mark the beginning of autumn on September 1.
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  • How many days is it from the begining of the year until spring?

    Q: How many days is it from the begining of the year until spring?

    A: The first day of spring occurs on March 20 in the Northern Hemisphere, 79 days after the first day of the year. During leap years, when the month of February has 29 days instead of 28, the first day of spring falls on the 80th day of the year.
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  • When is summer in Mexico?

    Q: When is summer in Mexico?

    A: Mexico shares the same summer as the United States, which includes the months of June, July and August. However, Mexico is close enough to the equator that temperatures remain fairly constant throughout the entire year, especially in the southern portions of the country.
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  • How short is the shortest day of the year?

    Q: How short is the shortest day of the year?

    A: The length of the shortest day of the year depends on the location. In the United States, some areas get less than 4 hours of sunshine on the shortest day. In places like Washington and New York, the shortest day lasts for up to 9 1/2 hours.
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  • What do you call the first day of spring?

    Q: What do you call the first day of spring?

    A: Another name for the first day of spring is the vernal equinox. "Vernal" comes from the Latin word for "spring," and "equinox" comes from a Latin word meaning "time of equal days and nights."
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  • Why is an extra day added to February every four years?

    Q: Why is an extra day added to February every four years?

    A: An extra day is added to February every four years to synchronize the Gregorian calendar with the solar calendar. One year in the solar calendar is 5 hours, 48 minutes and 46 seconds longer than one year in the Gregorian calendar, the calendar used by most modern countries.
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  • What does the spring season mean?

    Q: What does the spring season mean?

    A: The spring season often brings warmer temperatures and new growth, and is celebrated by people around the world with festivals and fairs. Spring is the period of time between the vernal equinox, which falls around March 21 each year, and the summer solstice, which takes place every year on June 21. As the spring season progresses, days and nights become milder, flowers and plants bloom, and days become longer.
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  • What months make up the first quarter?

    Q: What months make up the first quarter?

    A: January, February and March are the months that make up the first quarter if an organization's fiscal year starts at the beginning of January. Different organizations may start their fiscal years at different times, though, and the first three months of that time period would make up the first quarter. In the business and government sectors in the United States, a year is divided up into four pieces, each of which is called a quarter. This is done so that analysts, accountants, independent contractors, investors, tax regulators and other interested parties can easily track growth, profits, goals and set due dates for certain regulatory items.
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  • When does summer begin?

    Q: When does summer begin?

    A: The season of summer begins with the summer solstice. The summer solstice is the day in which the most amount of sunlight occurs during the day. In the Northern Hemisphere, the summer solstice is around June 21st. In the Southern Hemisphere, it takes place around December 21st.
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  • What months have 31 days?

    Q: What months have 31 days?

    A: There are seven months in the Gregorian calendar that have 31 days. The months of the year that have 31 days are January, March, May, July, August, October and December.
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  • Why are there four seasons?

    Q: Why are there four seasons?

    A: The reason there are four seasons is that the earth is tilted 23.5 degrees on its axis. For half the year, this tilt causes one half of the earth to tilt toward the sun while the other half tilts away. This changes every six months, creating the seasons.
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  • What is the month of January known for?

    Q: What is the month of January known for?

    A: January is primarily known as the beginning of the new year, with New Year's Day falling on Jan. 1. It also contains a few other noted holidays and events.
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  • What month is fall?

    Q: What month is fall?

    A: Fall, also known as autumn, lasts for three months and, in Western cultures, begins on the September equinox in the Northern hemisphere and the March equinox in the Southern hemisphere. Fall is noted for harvests, cooling temperatures, shorter days and the start of the holiday season in the West.
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  • Why is June 21st the longest day?

    Q: Why is June 21st the longest day?

    A: The summer solstice is the longest day of the year because the Earth's tilt is greatest toward the Sun on that day. The axis of the Earth is tilted 23.5 degrees from the vertical as it follows its orbital path. This means that for part of the year, the Northern Hemisphere is tilted closer to the Sun, giving that half of the planet more daylight per revolution.
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  • How many days are there in June?

    Q: How many days are there in June?

    A: There are 30 days in June. June is the sixth month of the year and is preceded by May and followed by July. Both May and July have 31 days.
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  • What month is August in the calendar year?

    Q: What month is August in the calendar year?

    A: August is the eighth month of the modern Gregorian calendar year. It is 31 days long and falls between the months of July and September.
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  • How many days of summer are there?

    Q: How many days of summer are there?

    A: In 2014 the summer season lasted 93 days. According to The Old Farmer's Almanac, the Summer Solstice falls on June 21 and the Autumnal Equinox falls on Sept. 21.
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  • Q: What were the dates for daylight savings in 2014?

    A: In 2014, daylight saving time, or DST, began in the United States on March 9. It ended Nov. 2, 2014. The current schedule for U.S. DST is to set clocks ahead one hour on the second Sunday in March, then set them back on the first Sunday in November.
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  • Q: What are some fun facts about January?

    A: One fun fact about January is that it was named after Janus, the Roman god. January was made the first month of the year via the Georgian calendar which has been adopted by most of the world.
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  • How do seasons change?

    Q: How do seasons change?

    A: The change in seasons is caused by the varying angle of the Earth's tilt from one part of the year to another. A common misconception is that the change in seasons is due to the Earth's slightly elliptical orbit bringing the planet closer to the sun in summer, but, as About.com notes, seasons are different in the northern hemisphere and the southern, which are the same distance from the sun.
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