Months & Seasons

A:

The reason there are four seasons is that the earth is tilted 23.5 degrees on its axis. For half the year, this tilt causes one half of the earth to tilt toward the sun while the other half tilts away. This changes every six months, creating the seasons.

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  • What months make up the first quarter?

    Q: What months make up the first quarter?

    A: January, February and March are the months that make up the first quarter if an organization's fiscal year starts at the beginning of January. Different organizations may start their fiscal years at different times, though, and the first three months of that time period would make up the first quarter. In the business and government sectors in the United States, a year is divided up into four pieces, each of which is called a quarter. This is done so that analysts, accountants, independent contractors, investors, tax regulators and other interested parties can easily track growth, profits, goals and set due dates for certain regulatory items.
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  • How short is the shortest day of the year?

    Q: How short is the shortest day of the year?

    A: The length of the shortest day of the year depends on the location. In the United States, some areas get less than 4 hours of sunshine on the shortest day. In places like Washington and New York, the shortest day lasts for up to 9 1/2 hours.
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  • Why is an extra day added to February every four years?

    Q: Why is an extra day added to February every four years?

    A: An extra day is added to February every four years to synchronize the Gregorian calendar with the solar calendar. One year in the solar calendar is 5 hours, 48 minutes and 46 seconds longer than one year in the Gregorian calendar, the calendar used by most modern countries.
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  • When does summer begin?

    Q: When does summer begin?

    A: The season of summer begins with the summer solstice. The summer solstice is the day in which the most amount of sunlight occurs during the day. In the Northern Hemisphere, the summer solstice is around June 21st. In the Southern Hemisphere, it takes place around December 21st.
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  • How many days is it from the begining of the year until spring?

    Q: How many days is it from the begining of the year until spring?

    A: The first day of spring occurs on March 20 in the Northern Hemisphere, 79 days after the first day of the year. During leap years, when the month of February has 29 days instead of 28, the first day of spring falls on the 80th day of the year.
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  • Why is February the shortest month of the year?

    Q: Why is February the shortest month of the year?

    A: February is the shortest month because it is used to realign the calendar with the solar year by adding days during leap years. The reason February was chosen for this purpose goes back to the Romans, who did not originally have months for the winter season.
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  • What months have 31 days?

    Q: What months have 31 days?

    A: There are seven months in the Gregorian calendar that have 31 days. The months of the year that have 31 days are January, March, May, July, August, October and December.
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  • On what day does fall start?

    Q: On what day does fall start?

    A: Among astronomers, the general consensus for the start of the fall season is when the sun's central disk traverses the celestial equator in a southward direction, normally occurring around the third week of September. However, meteorologists mark the beginning of autumn on September 1.
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  • What does the spring season mean?

    Q: What does the spring season mean?

    A: The spring season often brings warmer temperatures and new growth, and is celebrated by people around the world with festivals and fairs. Spring is the period of time between the vernal equinox, which falls around March 21 each year, and the summer solstice, which takes place every year on June 21. As the spring season progresses, days and nights become milder, flowers and plants bloom, and days become longer.
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  • When is summer in Mexico?

    Q: When is summer in Mexico?

    A: Mexico shares the same summer as the United States, which includes the months of June, July and August. However, Mexico is close enough to the equator that temperatures remain fairly constant throughout the entire year, especially in the southern portions of the country.
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  • Why are there four seasons?

    Q: Why are there four seasons?

    A: The reason there are four seasons is that the earth is tilted 23.5 degrees on its axis. For half the year, this tilt causes one half of the earth to tilt toward the sun while the other half tilts away. This changes every six months, creating the seasons.
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  • What do you call the first day of spring?

    Q: What do you call the first day of spring?

    A: Another name for the first day of spring is the vernal equinox. "Vernal" comes from the Latin word for "spring," and "equinox" comes from a Latin word meaning "time of equal days and nights."
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  • Q: How can you find a timer that counts down to summer?

    A: Days.to offers an online counter that displays the number of days, hours, minutes and seconds until summer. Summer 2016 officially begins on Monday, June 20th, 2016 at 6:34 p.m EST. The website also features a festive background slide show with images of summer weather and recreational activities.
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  • Who invented daylight savings time?

    Q: Who invented daylight savings time?

    A: New Zealander George Vernon Hudson was the first to suggest the concept that has become known as Daylight Savings Time. In 1895, he presented a paper to the Wellington Philosophical Society proposing a two-hour shift forward in October and a two-hour shift back in March.
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  • Why do the months have different numbers of days?

    Q: Why do the months have different numbers of days?

    A: Months have different numbers of days because a month is a measure of time that corresponds or nearly corresponds to the length of time the Moon revolves once around Earth. The lengths of all astronomical months vary slightly due to perturbations in the Moon’s orbit.
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  • When is the first day of autumn?

    Q: When is the first day of autumn?

    A: The first day of autumn falls on the autumnal equinox, which varies in date from Sept. 22 to Sept. 23, depending on the year. An equinox is when there is an equal amount of daylight and darkness in a day.
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  • When does autumn start and end?

    Q: When does autumn start and end?

    A: In the Northern Hemisphere, autumn is between the autumnal equinox that begins on Sept. 22 or 23 and the winter solstice, which is Dec. 21 or 22. In the Southern Hemisphere, autumn is between March 20 or 21 and June 21 or 22.
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  • How many days are there in June?

    Q: How many days are there in June?

    A: There are 30 days in June. June is the sixth month of the year and is preceded by May and followed by July. Both May and July have 31 days.
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  • Q: How many days of summer vacation are there?

    A: Summer vacation can last from six to 14 weeks, or 42 to 98 days, and varies widely depending on the school district. The average length of the instructional school year is 180.4 days, according to the National Center for Education Statistics.
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  • Q: What are some facts about the month of March?

    A: As of 2015, March is the third month of the year, but it wasn't always so. March was the first month of the 10-month year in the Roman calendar because it was close to spring. Even now, the vernal equinox falls between March 19 and the 21st.
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  • Why does February have only 28 days?

    Q: Why does February have only 28 days?

    A: The designation of only 28 days in February began when King Numa Pompilius reformed the Roman calendar around 713 B.C. The Roman calendar then had only 10 months, with no months assigned to winter. Numa added January and February, with February as the last month of the year, and adjusted its length to correspond to a year of 355 days. The Julian and Gregorian calendar reforms later modified its length.
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