Magnetism

A:

Earth is like a giant magnet in several ways. Not only does it have a magnetic north and south pole that act similarly to the poles on bar magnets, but the planet is surrounded by a strong magnetic field, which is electrically charged and able to interact with magnetized matter.

See Full Answer
Filed Under:
  • What are the pros and cons of Maglev technology?

    Q: What are the pros and cons of Maglev technology?

    A: In comparison with existing modes, Maglev technology is a better way of moving people and freight because it has a long service life and is faster, safer, cheaper and less congested. Maglev also saves energy because of its high efficiency and lack of pollution emission. However, Maglev guideways cost more than the conventional railway tracks. The lack of existing infrastructure is also a disadvantage.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why is iron magnetic and wood not?

    Q: Why is iron magnetic and wood not?

    A: Each atom of iron has an unpaired electron whose spin can be lined up to that of the unpaired electron from a neighboring iron atom. The spinning of the charged electron creates a magnetic moment, which in turn can align with an external magnet, thus making iron magnetic. Atoms of wood do not have unpaired electron spins that can line up with a magnet, and so it is non-magnetic.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why does the Earth have a magnetic field?

    Q: Why does the Earth have a magnetic field?

    A: The Earth's molten core rotates at a high speed, which generates the planet's magnetic field. While this field changes in intensity and location over time, it provides valuable protection against solar winds.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why is the Earth like a magnet?

    Q: Why is the Earth like a magnet?

    A: Earth is like a giant magnet in several ways. Not only does it have a magnetic north and south pole that act similarly to the poles on bar magnets, but the planet is surrounded by a strong magnetic field, which is electrically charged and able to interact with magnetized matter.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How do magnets help us in our everyday lives?

    Q: How do magnets help us in our everyday lives?

    A: Magnets are used in a variety of everyday items, including computers, televisions, credit cards and microwave tubes. The seal around most refrigerators and freezers is magnetic, and even some cabinets feature magnetic fixtures to keep them from opening. Howmagnetswork.com adds that a variety of solenoids in home electronics utilize magnets.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How are electromagnetic waves formed?

    Q: How are electromagnetic waves formed?

    A: Electromagnetic waves form from the vibrations of electric and magnetic fields. Unlike mechanical waves, electromagnetic waves do not need a medium to propagate, allowing them to travel through air, solids and even outer space.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is magnetic energy?

    Q: What is magnetic energy?

    A: Magnetic energy is the energy within a magnetic field. This energy results in various metals either repelling or attracting each other.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How do magnets work?

    Q: How do magnets work?

    A: A magnet is an object or material that can produce a magnetic field of its own. That magnetic field is responsible for the property of magnets to attract or repel other magnets, and pull objects that are ferromagnetic, like iron. Electrons are the reason behind the production of magnetic fields and magnetism. In permanent magnets, spinning of electrons creates the magnetism.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is an electromagnetic spectrum?

    Q: What is an electromagnetic spectrum?

    A: The electromagnetic spectrum gives the range of all the different kinds of electromagnetic radiation. Visible light is part of the electromagnetic spectrum, but it covers only a small portion of the spectrum.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How does a ship's compass work?

    Q: How does a ship's compass work?

    A: Gyroscopic compasses are used aboard transportation such as ships and airplanes. Spinning gyroscopes copy the behavior of a magnetic compass by using a magnetic compass as a reference. A motor keeps the gyroscope spinning, so it continues to point true north despite movement of the frame. A gyroscope adjusts itself quickly even in turbulence and rough seas.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What causes attraction and repulsion in magnets?

    Q: What causes attraction and repulsion in magnets?

    A: The magnetic field lines of a magnet run from north to south, according to HowStuffWorks. The force leaves the north pole and enters the south pole of another magnet, which creates a closed loop. Magnets attract each other when their lines of force are running in the same direction, and they repel each other when their lines of force travel in opposite directions.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What makes a magnet stronger?

    Q: What makes a magnet stronger?

    A: You can strengthen magnets by placing them in water, stacking them on top of each other or recharging them. The method of making a magnet stronger depends on the type of magnet you have, explains HowStuffWorks.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is a U-shaped magnet?

    Q: What is a U-shaped magnet?

    A: A U-shaped magnet derives its name from its shape and has both a north and a south pole located in the same plane at the open end of the magnet. This type of magnet is also called a horseshoe magnet.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are magnets made of?

    Q: What are magnets made of?

    A: Magnets are made of ferromagnetic materials that have been magnetized. Ferromagnetic materials include nickel, iron, rare earth elements and naturally occurring minerals such as lodestone.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Where does electromagnetic radiation come from?

    Q: Where does electromagnetic radiation come from?

    A: Electromagnetic radiation is energy that comes from a wide variety of sources. It comes in a broad spectrum of wavelengths, frequencies and energies. Scientists break the electromagnetic spectrum into several different categories, including electrical energy, radio waves, microwave energy, infrared light, the visible spectra, ultraviolet rays, X-rays and gamma radiation.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How do magnetic compasses work?

    Q: How do magnetic compasses work?

    A: A compass works by aligning its magnetic needle with the Earth's magnetic field, which is created by the iron core deep inside the planet. A compass is exactly accurate since the Earth's magnetic north differs slightly from Earth's true north.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What can electromagnets be used for?

    Q: What can electromagnets be used for?

    A: Electromagnets are temporary magnets which have a magnetic field only when current passes through them. Some everyday applications of electromagnets include generators, motors, microphones, loudspeakers and cranes. Electromagnets are also used in scientific equipment such as particle accelerators, mass spectrometers and NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) spectrometers.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What metals are magnetic?

    Q: What metals are magnetic?

    A: Nickel, iron and cobalt are magnetic metals. Most other metals, including gold, copper, silver and magnesium, are generally not magnetic, although some of these metals might become slightly magnetic if placed in a magnetic field.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Where do you find magnets in a house?

    Q: Where do you find magnets in a house?

    A: In addition to the simple magnets on the refrigerator that hold up photos, coupons or shopping lists, magnets (often electromagnets) are also found in virtually any electric device or appliance with a motor, transformer, relay or solenoid.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are different types of electromagnetic radiation?

    Q: What are different types of electromagnetic radiation?

    A: The spectrum of electromagnetic radiation is comprised of waves or particles that carry different amounts of energy. The visible spectrum is what humans and most animals see. The least energetic range of electromagnetic radiation is radio. Next is microwave radiation followed by infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-ray and gamma-ray.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How do you magnetize metal?

    Q: How do you magnetize metal?

    A: Metals and materials that contain metal can be magnetized either temporarily or permanently. Creating a temporarily magnetized metal can be achieved by bringing that metal in close contact with an already magnetized metal or by charging it with an electrical current. Permanent magnetization can occur by rubbing the metal with the poles of already magnetized materials or by hitting a metal while it is in a magnetic field.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under: